Universal Journal of Psychology Vol. 3(6), pp. 165 - 175
DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2015.030603
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Reality/Fiction Distinction and Fiction/Fiction Distinction during Sentence Comprehension


Jie Yang 1,*, Jin Xue 2
1 Department of Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Australia
2 School of English Language, Literature and Culture and Center for Language and Cognition, Beijing International Studies University, China

ABSTRACT

The current study examined the cognitive mechanisms of distinguishing reality from fiction and distinguishing different fictional worlds. In Experiment 1, participants read sentences containing reality/fiction mismatch or fiction/fiction mismatch. Results showed that reality/fiction mismatch elicited a N400 effect and a late positivity relative to correct sentences, whereas fiction/fiction mismatch induced a N400 effect. Experiment 2 investigated the reality/fiction distinction after controlling personal relevance. Participants read sentences containing famous people or fictional characters with low personal relevance. Results indicated that reality/fiction mismatch elicited a late positivity in the middle and posterior sites, whereas the pure low relevance showed a late positivity in the posterior sites. The mechanisms under reality/fiction distinction, fiction/fiction distinction, and high/low relevance distinction are discussed.

KEYWORDS
Fiction, Reality, Personal Relevance, Event-related Potential, Sentence Comprehension

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Jie Yang , Jin Xue , "Reality/Fiction Distinction and Fiction/Fiction Distinction during Sentence Comprehension," Universal Journal of Psychology, Vol. 3, No. 6, pp. 165 - 175, 2015. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2015.030603.

(b). APA Format:
Jie Yang , Jin Xue (2015). Reality/Fiction Distinction and Fiction/Fiction Distinction during Sentence Comprehension. Universal Journal of Psychology, 3(6), 165 - 175. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2015.030603.