Universal Journal of Applied Science Vol. 3(3), pp. 35 - 44
DOI: 10.13189/ujas.2015.030304
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Scale Development of Teachers' Sense Meaning at Work in Taiwan—From the Perspective of Workplace Spirituality


Wu Ho-Tang 1, Chou Mei-Ju 2,*
1 Department of Education, National Kaohsiung Normal University, Taiwan
2 Department of Early Childhood Education and Center for Teacher Education, National Pingtung University, Taiwan

ABSTRACT

For the importance of developing people’s potential in working, the study aims to develop the scale of meaning sense at work. Three steps are adopted: 1. Literature analysis: with foreign research analysis of EFA, it revealed that Spirituality at Work can be classified into 3 levels, including the individual, the group, and the organization level. From Milliman, Czaplewski, and Ferguson's perspective, the individual level explores sense of meaning at work, including energy obtained from work, the enjoyable work, and the meaning that work endows the individual. At this point, the research integrate the aspects of the individual scales of spirituality at work as sense of attraction at work, sense of pleasure at work, and sense of inner life. 2. Expert review: After consulting the items of scale of spirituality at work, we proposed the draft of 13-item Three Factor Questionnaire. Then, the questionnaire was reviewed and modified by three university scholars who had published paper or books regarding spirituality to provide us their comment for further modification. Subsequently, a senior high school teacher with consultation and life education major offered us practical opinions at the education site. Finally, one item was deleted, 6 items' terms were modified, and 6 remained the same. 3. CFA: This part is categorized into three models. (1) The initial model: the 12 items of Three Factors were edited as 5 point scale. After investigating 235 teachers, we conducted the first-order CFA model to verify the fitness. The results of the overall model are fairly appropriate. However, the factor load of "I often forget time for teaching or processing administrative matters" is .29, so we deleted this item. (2) The modification model: The model after deleting the item is called the modification model, and the results are fairly appropriate. With further analyzing the basic fit of the modification model, it is found that there is no offending estimation. The fit of the internal structure is acceptable (including individual reliability, composite reliability, the average variation extraction, and construct discrimination). 3. The cross-validity model: since the model had been modified, we investigated another batch of samples (N=378) to confirm the stability of the model. The overall results are fairly appropriate. Here, the three factor teacher's sense of meaning at work with 11 items are set up; that is, the three factor teacher's sense of meaning at work with 11 items is supported, which is classified into sense of attraction at work (4 items), sense of pleasure at work (4 items), and sense of inner life (3 items).

KEYWORDS
CFA, Sense of Meaning at Work, Workplace Spirituality

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Wu Ho-Tang , Chou Mei-Ju , "Scale Development of Teachers' Sense Meaning at Work in Taiwan—From the Perspective of Workplace Spirituality," Universal Journal of Applied Science, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 35 - 44, 2015. DOI: 10.13189/ujas.2015.030304.

(b). APA Format:
Wu Ho-Tang , Chou Mei-Ju (2015). Scale Development of Teachers' Sense Meaning at Work in Taiwan—From the Perspective of Workplace Spirituality. Universal Journal of Applied Science, 3(3), 35 - 44. DOI: 10.13189/ujas.2015.030304.