Universal Journal of Applied Science Vol. 3(3), pp. 21 - 25
DOI: 10.13189/ujas.2015.030301
Reprint (PDF) (402Kb)


Comparative Study of Heavy Lead Pollution in Roadside Soil and Plants by Railway and Highway at Tangail District in Bangladesh


Arjun Chandra Bhowmick 1,*, Md. Moustafijur Rahman Khan 1, Majharul Islam Moim 1, Nikhil Chandra Bhoumik 2, A. S. M Saifullah 3
1 Department of Chemistry, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Bangladesh
2 Department of Chemistry, Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh
3 Department of Environmental Science and Resource Management, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Bangladesh

ABSTRACT

This study explains the effect of heavy Lead pollution in soil and plants along the highway and railway of Tangail district. The metal concentration in soil and plant is decreased with increasing distance from the road of highway and railway. Lead is one of the most toxic elements. It is non-biodegradable and its toxicity does not change with time. Use of leaded gasoline in vehicles and train are known as the major source of lead pollution. Highway and railway of Tangail are two busiest routes of Bangladesh and pollution is rising day by day. To reveal the present situation in soil and plant samples were collected at various distances (0m, 15m, 30m) from Railway and highway roads and analyzed for lead by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric (AAS) method. The results show that the soil and plant samples along these places are contaminated with lead. The highest lead contents 0.1931 ppm in soil and 0.1358 ppm in plant was found for highway on road at 0m distance. Conversely, the highest lead contents 0.0967 ppm in soil and 0.0652 ppm in plant was found for railway on road at 0m distance. Among two types of major transportation system railway pollution is smaller than highway and hence railway transportation system is environment friendly.

KEYWORDS
Lead, Railway, Highway, Plant, Soil

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Arjun Chandra Bhowmick , Md. Moustafijur Rahman Khan , Majharul Islam Moim , Nikhil Chandra Bhoumik , A. S. M Saifullah , "Comparative Study of Heavy Lead Pollution in Roadside Soil and Plants by Railway and Highway at Tangail District in Bangladesh," Universal Journal of Applied Science, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 21 - 25, 2015. DOI: 10.13189/ujas.2015.030301.

(b). APA Format:
Arjun Chandra Bhowmick , Md. Moustafijur Rahman Khan , Majharul Islam Moim , Nikhil Chandra Bhoumik , A. S. M Saifullah (2015). Comparative Study of Heavy Lead Pollution in Roadside Soil and Plants by Railway and Highway at Tangail District in Bangladesh. Universal Journal of Applied Science, 3(3), 21 - 25. DOI: 10.13189/ujas.2015.030301.