Universal Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 3(5), pp. 155 - 164
DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2015.030503
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The Increasing of Peasants' Income Farmers in Amoron'i Mania Region by Ameliorating the Production System of Rabbit


Randriamandratonirina Nicolas Joseph *, Razaivaovololoniaina Helinoro Diamondra , Falinirina Marie Virginie , Razafintsalama Voahiraniaina , Rakotozandriny Jean de Neupomuscene
Higher Institute Technology D'antananarivo, Department of Animal Husbandry, College of Agricultural Sciences, University of Antananarivo, Madagascar

ABSTRACT

Madagascar is a developing country on agricultural issue. The population growth brings about poverty problems due to the inadequate master of the production technics. The recrudescence of cattle-rustling leads the Malagasy population to adopt a short cycle animal husbandry. Rabbit-breeding is a real source of income and it makes up for the lack of animal protein in the daily nutrition. The increased prolificacy of doe-rabbits for this kind of breeding is not high. The purpose is to assess the production system of rabbit in the study field. The method is about inquiries and field observations close to 100 peasants in this region. The social, economic and technic data of rabbit-breeding are gathered in the bosom of the farmers. The family agricultural exploitation system characterizes the rabbit production hesitating between politic of supply and that of self-sustenance. Such hesitation in the level of microeconomic is aggravated by the low study level of the farmers and a critical attitude of practices towards the modern norms of cuniculture. The majority of the farmers do not dun rabbit-burrdo and the local of animal husbandry is combined with human's habitation. The rabbits cohabit without any distinction by statute. Generally, green leaves are food distributed to them without taking into consideration by statute. A minority of the farmers give treatment to the sick animals. The performances of this breeding is still so weak because the technical management result is by 50% inferior to that of the production of a female rabbit in French and the production remains of a dominance of autosustenance yet. Despite the largely traditional practice and a production system on family bases, this activity is profitable in Amoron'i Mania, but with a scanty source of income. The supervision and training of the farmers on the cuniculture technic are primordial, the popularization of the isolated practices of amelioration and the initiatives of solidarity of the "Fihavanana" (kinship) about the common use of buck rabbit producer and green plants.

KEYWORDS
Cuniculture, Prolificity, Production System, Alimentation, Amoron'i Mania, Solidarity

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Randriamandratonirina Nicolas Joseph , Razaivaovololoniaina Helinoro Diamondra , Falinirina Marie Virginie , Razafintsalama Voahiraniaina , Rakotozandriny Jean de Neupomuscene , "The Increasing of Peasants' Income Farmers in Amoron'i Mania Region by Ameliorating the Production System of Rabbit," Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 3, No. 5, pp. 155 - 164, 2015. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2015.030503.

(b). APA Format:
Randriamandratonirina Nicolas Joseph , Razaivaovololoniaina Helinoro Diamondra , Falinirina Marie Virginie , Razafintsalama Voahiraniaina , Rakotozandriny Jean de Neupomuscene (2015). The Increasing of Peasants' Income Farmers in Amoron'i Mania Region by Ameliorating the Production System of Rabbit. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, 3(5), 155 - 164. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2015.030503.