Environment and Ecology Research Vol. 3(5), pp. 125 - 131
DOI: 10.13189/eer.2015.030502
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Riverbank Erosion, Population Migration and Rural Vulnerability in Bangladesh (A Case Study on Kazipur Upazila at Sirajgonj District)


Tanjinul Hoque Mollah 1, Jannatul Ferdaush 2,*
1 Department of Geography and Environment, Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh
2 Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Savannah State University, GA, USA

ABSTRACT

This paper aims at identify the number of climate induced migrants in kazipur upazila with specific reference to riverbank erosion. The study has used Kazipur upazila of Sirajganj for riverbank erosion, which is already identified as the most erosion prone area in Bangladesh. People affected by river bank erosion and immediately migrate for safe shelter and later permanently for survival, are examples of practical risk. While people migrate based on the perception that in future there would be worse condition that could hamper lives and livelihood; the adverse effect of rise of riverbank erosion compels the population to migrate from one place to another. In the Kazipur upazila of Sirajganj district, 21,961 people were migrated which is 9.35 percent of the total population in recent years [1]. The precise cause of riverbank erosion in Bangladesh there are 1,29,853 people are displaced yearly [2]. Permanent migration occurred within the neighbors and mainly it happened in a tiny distance because of the need of earning source and social bonding. In this paper we have considered observed risk such as river bank erosion as causal factors of migration and rural vulnerability, which has important socio-economic impact on rural development.

KEYWORDS
Migration, Riverbank Erosion, Rural Vulnerability and Climate Change

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Tanjinul Hoque Mollah , Jannatul Ferdaush , "Riverbank Erosion, Population Migration and Rural Vulnerability in Bangladesh (A Case Study on Kazipur Upazila at Sirajgonj District)," Environment and Ecology Research, Vol. 3, No. 5, pp. 125 - 131, 2015. DOI: 10.13189/eer.2015.030502.

(b). APA Format:
Tanjinul Hoque Mollah , Jannatul Ferdaush (2015). Riverbank Erosion, Population Migration and Rural Vulnerability in Bangladesh (A Case Study on Kazipur Upazila at Sirajgonj District). Environment and Ecology Research, 3(5), 125 - 131. DOI: 10.13189/eer.2015.030502.