Universal Journal of Management Vol. 3(3), pp. 131 - 141
DOI: 10.13189/ujm.2015.030306
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Remunerations and Gender: The Case of the Polish Government Administration

Ewa Lisowska *
Institute of International Management and Marketing of the Warsaw School of Economics, Poland


The purpose of the paper is to analyse statistical data concerning the gap between the remunerations of men and women in Poland. It also presents the situation in the Polish government administration based on the results of the survey carried out at the turn of 2011 and 2012. Especially the paper discusses the reasons of unequal remunerations identified in the literature on the subject, and gives the answer to the question if the human capital theory explains gender pay gap. In the paper it is presented available data as well as the empirical results on gender pay gap. The main conclusions are as following: (1) Women earn less than men irrespectively of the economy sector, profession, education, age, or size of the organisation; (2) The results of the survey indicate that the situation in the government administration in respect of the pay gap is slightly better than the average in Poland; (3) The human capital theory does not explain gender pay gap because it does not take into account that the choice of a woman is not truly free, as it is restricted by social habits and norms as well as stereotypes.

Gender Pay Gap, Government Administration, Human Capital Theory, Poland, Stereotypes

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Ewa Lisowska , "Remunerations and Gender: The Case of the Polish Government Administration," Universal Journal of Management, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 131 - 141, 2015. DOI: 10.13189/ujm.2015.030306.

(b). APA Format:
Ewa Lisowska (2015). Remunerations and Gender: The Case of the Polish Government Administration. Universal Journal of Management, 3(3), 131 - 141. DOI: 10.13189/ujm.2015.030306.