Nursing and Health Vol. 3(1), pp. 7 - 13
DOI: 10.13189/nh.2015.030102
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Factors Influencing Stages of Change for Contraceptive Use in College Students: A Path Analysis


Myung Sook Choi 1, Hyunjeong Shin 2,*
1 Department of Nursing, Seoil University, South Korea
2 College of Nursing, Korea University, South Korea

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships of self-efficacy, social influences, decisional balance, consistency in past contraceptive use, and stages of change for contraceptive use in college students. Study design: A cross-sectional correlational study was conducted on a convenience sample of 185 Korean college students. Data collection was conducted by three trained research assistants over a six-month period in 2013. Path analysis with AMOS software was used to identify the effects of predictor variables on stages of change for contraceptive use. Results: Social influences, consistency in past contraception use, and self-efficacy had a direct effect on the stages of change for contraception use. Although decisional balance did not show a direct effect, it had a significant indirect effect on the stages of change through self-efficacy. These predicting variables explained 40% of the variance of stages of change for contraception use. Conclusions: The results suggested that the TTM is useful in explaining college students’ contraceptive behavior and that self-efficacy partially mediated the role of cognitive (social influence) and behavioral (past contraception use) factors on the stages of change for contraceptive use.

KEYWORDS
Contraception, Transtheoretical Model, College Students, Stage of Change

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Myung Sook Choi , Hyunjeong Shin , "Factors Influencing Stages of Change for Contraceptive Use in College Students: A Path Analysis," Nursing and Health, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 7 - 13, 2015. DOI: 10.13189/nh.2015.030102.

(b). APA Format:
Myung Sook Choi , Hyunjeong Shin (2015). Factors Influencing Stages of Change for Contraceptive Use in College Students: A Path Analysis. Nursing and Health, 3(1), 7 - 13. DOI: 10.13189/nh.2015.030102.