Universal Journal of Psychology Vol. 3(1), pp. 22 - 27
DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2015.030104
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Self-reports and Observer Reports as Data Generation Methods: An Assessment of Issues of Both Methods


Mitchell Abernethy *
University of Guelph, Canada

ABSTRACT

Data collection through the self-report method can allow one to acquire both a different type and quality of information when compared to acquiring the information through the observer report method; however nor the observation or self-report processes are perfect data collection methods. When designing a study it is important to know when to use one over the other. By understanding how the data is collected in both of these processes and the problems associated with either process one can make an informed decision as to when to use one over the other. Additionally, though the use of only one method can be a practical choice the use of both methods is the better choice and should be used when it can. It should be noted that there are many problems and biases that need to be controlled for in these methods and there are other ways in which they can be controlled for beyond what is covered, however, this paper will be limited to the stated biases and control methods. Throughout my involvement in ‘The Fire Starter Study' I have come to understand the process of how these methods are conducted and why they are conducted the way they are.

KEYWORDS
Self-report Method, Social Desirability Response Bias

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Mitchell Abernethy , "Self-reports and Observer Reports as Data Generation Methods: An Assessment of Issues of Both Methods," Universal Journal of Psychology, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 22 - 27, 2015. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2015.030104.

(b). APA Format:
Mitchell Abernethy (2015). Self-reports and Observer Reports as Data Generation Methods: An Assessment of Issues of Both Methods. Universal Journal of Psychology, 3(1), 22 - 27. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2015.030104.