Universal Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 2(8), pp. 279 - 283
DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2014.020801
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Risk Mitigation Methods for Removal of Pesticide Residues in Brinjal for Food Safety


Cherukuri Sreenivasa Rao *, Vemuri Shashi Bhushan , Harinatha Reddy A. , Ravindranath Darsi , Aruna M. , Ramesh B.
Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500030, Andhra Pradesh, India

ABSTRACT

The commercial production of highly cultivated and consumed brinjal is highly dependent on regular usage of insecticides to protect the crop from insect pests. The increased consumer awareness and legal issues on food safety, with special reference to insecticide residues in foods, led us to attempt for cheap and effective methods for removal of pesticide residues to address the issues of consumer and food safety, as the farmers are not following the Good Agricultural Practices i.e pre-harvest intervals. The most commonly used pesticides such as profenophos, chlorpyriphos, dimethoate, malathion, phosalone, quinalphos, triazophos and -cyhalothrin were sprayed at recommended doses at brinjal formation stage, samples were collected at 2 hours after treatment to quantify the deposits. The samples were subjected to various household treatments (tap water wash, lemon water wash, dipping in 2% salt water for 15 min, dipping in 2% tamarind water for 10 min, washing with 0.1% sodium bicarbonate solution, washing with 4% acetic acid solution, biowash, cooking), each in three replications, and analysed for residues using validated quick,easy cheap rugged and simple method (Quechers method and GC-ECD, (GAS Chromatography Electron capture detector) FPD(Flame photometric detector) and GC-MS(Gas Chromatography Mass spectrometry) so as to estimate the % removal and their effectiveness. Out of all treatments, dipping in 2% salt solution for 10 minutes is very effective in removing 45%, 43%, 52%, 50%, 54%, 48% and 76% of dimethoate, chlorpyriphos, quinalphos, profenophos, phosalone, -cyhalothrin and malathion, respectively, and cooking removed insecticides in the range 55-80%. Dipping fruits and vegetables in 2% salt solution for 15 minutes is the best household method for removal of pesticide residues, and also the method is effective in reducing the residues below MRL (Maximum Residue Limits).

KEYWORDS
Pesticide Residues, Brinjal, Food Safety, Risk Mitigation, Reduction Method

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Cherukuri Sreenivasa Rao , Vemuri Shashi Bhushan , Harinatha Reddy A. , Ravindranath Darsi , Aruna M. , Ramesh B. , "Risk Mitigation Methods for Removal of Pesticide Residues in Brinjal for Food Safety," Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 2, No. 8, pp. 279 - 283, 2014. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2014.020801.

(b). APA Format:
Cherukuri Sreenivasa Rao , Vemuri Shashi Bhushan , Harinatha Reddy A. , Ravindranath Darsi , Aruna M. , Ramesh B. (2014). Risk Mitigation Methods for Removal of Pesticide Residues in Brinjal for Food Safety. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(8), 279 - 283. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2014.020801.