Universal Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 2(7), pp. 233 - 235
DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2014.020701
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Effect of Seedling Density and Bed Type on Growth of Elm (Ulmus wallichiana) Seedlings in the Nursery


Arshad Hussain Mughal *, G. M. Bhat , J. A. Mugloo
Faculty of Forestry, SKUAST Kashmir, J&K, India

ABSTRACT

Ulmus wallichiana is an important multipurpose tree species of the Himalayan region suitable for furniture, leaves are consumed as fodder while as small wood is used as fuel wood. Elm seeds are minute and are generally broadcasted in the nursery beds, thereafter they need to be thinned out or transplanted so that they achieve transplantable height. The study aimed at studying the effect of seedling density and bed type on the growth of Ulmus wallichiana seedlings over a period of two years & was undertaken under All India Coordinated Research Project on Agroforestry at Srinagar centre, India. The seedlings were evaluated in nursery beds, transplant beds and thinned out nursery beds. The study concluded that undisturbed seedling beds with a density of 400 seedlings/m2 recorded maximum height of 1.51m but seedling collar diameter was minimum. Maximum diameter of 9.56mm was recorded in undisturbed thinned out nursery beds having a density of only 100 seedlings/m2 but height recorded was only 1.39m. Transplant beds recorded a height of 1.19m and a diameter of 7.19mm. In the present study it is evident that the seedlings need not to be necessarily transplanted from seedling beds but in the second year if proper density (100m3) is maintained by thinning, maximum seedling growth in terms of both height and diameter can be achieved.

KEYWORDS
Transplant Beds, Seedling Beds, Thinned Out Nursery Beds, Ulmus Wallichiana

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Arshad Hussain Mughal , G. M. Bhat , J. A. Mugloo , "Effect of Seedling Density and Bed Type on Growth of Elm (Ulmus wallichiana) Seedlings in the Nursery," Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 2, No. 7, pp. 233 - 235, 2014. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2014.020701.

(b). APA Format:
Arshad Hussain Mughal , G. M. Bhat , J. A. Mugloo (2014). Effect of Seedling Density and Bed Type on Growth of Elm (Ulmus wallichiana) Seedlings in the Nursery. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(7), 233 - 235. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2014.020701.