International Journal of Social Work and Human Services Practice(CEASE PUBLICATION) Vol. 2(2), pp. 64 - 72
DOI: 10.13189/ijrh.2014.020209
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Re-modeling Urban Poverty: A Multidimensional Approach


Jamalludin Sulaiman 1, Azlinda Azman 2, Zahoor Khan 3,*
1 Professor, School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia
2 Associate Professor, School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia
3 PhD candidate, School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

Growth and development without giving due attention to income and spatial distribution can be imposing and provide new challenges to poverty issues. The rural-urban exodus of the poor for better economic opportunities, landed in an environment even more devastating to many of the migrants. Although some having access to a decent standard of life, many ended up in pathetic living conditions. This discourse aims to investigate urban poverty in urban dimensions of poverty rather to measure it by income line approach which often does not represent an appropriate yardstick of poverty measurement. This proposal introduces a set of various urban poverty based dimensions index to be referred as the Multidimensional Urban Poverty Index (MUPI) to re-evaluate the urban poverty on a wider socioeconomic scale. The proposed index consists of economic, socioeconomic, financial accessibility, living conditions and social fragmentation dimensions. The dimensions are aggregated, by assigning different weights based on previous theoretical and empirical studies. Conceptualization and measurement of urban poverty within the urban dimensions have valuable policy implications and targets the marginalized communities in the urban areas. The study will contribute to the existing field of knowledge at one hand and will contribute to better outreach efforts by the state to help the nation’s development agenda. The national poverty line index is not appropriate to identify the urban poor given its many limitations. This study integrates selected weighted socioeconomic indicators to reveal a more comprehensive picture of the deprivations and human rights violations based on accepted urban dimensions.

KEYWORDS
Urban Poverty, New Approach, Multidimensional Assessment

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Jamalludin Sulaiman , Azlinda Azman , Zahoor Khan , "Re-modeling Urban Poverty: A Multidimensional Approach," International Journal of Social Work and Human Services Practice(CEASE PUBLICATION), Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 64 - 72, 2014. DOI: 10.13189/ijrh.2014.020209.

(b). APA Format:
Jamalludin Sulaiman , Azlinda Azman , Zahoor Khan (2014). Re-modeling Urban Poverty: A Multidimensional Approach. International Journal of Social Work and Human Services Practice(CEASE PUBLICATION), 2(2), 64 - 72. DOI: 10.13189/ijrh.2014.020209.