Civil Engineering and Architecture Vol. 2(4), pp. 149 - 165
DOI: 10.13189/cea.2014.020401
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System Dynamics Simulation Modeling of Transport, Energy and Emissions Interactions

A. Azhaginiyal 1, G.Umadevi 2,*
1 Department of Civil Engineering, CMR Institute of Technology, IT Park Road, Bangalore-37
2 Division of Transportation Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Guindy, Anna University, Chennai-25


The Transport Sector of India is largely dependent on the Energy resources accounting to nearly 11% of its total primary energy use which is predicted to reach 20% by 2030. Fuel usage in transportation sector is bound to increase by 87% in 20 years with a decrease in the available diesel stock and an alarming increase in the demand. Also the growing vehicle population has increased the contribution of Vehicular Pollution to the Urban Air Pollution from 60% in the year 1990 to 90% in 2010. In order to eliminate these risks the interaction between these sectors should be studied in detail. Since there was a lack of interdisciplinary works involving the sectors of Transport, Energy and Emissions interaction based on a Systems Approach this study is focused on carrying out an in depth study of the same based on Systems Dynamics principles. The major objective of the work is to study and appreciate the existing Transport demand and supply in Chennai city, to procure data through inventory on energy requirement and emissions from transportation sector and to build a System Dynamics (SD) model using STELLA to determine the Energy requirement and Emission levels from the transport sector in the year 2026. When the existing growth trend was assumed to be continued over the horizon year it was found that the Public Transport sector contributed to only 18% of the total trips whereas the personalised modes contributed to about 80% of the trips with about 300% increase in Fuel demand. A scenario of augmenting the Public Transportation and simultaneously restricting the growth of personalized vehicles showed a substantial decrease of nearly 65% in Energy consumption and nearly 50% reduction in Emission levels from the personalised modes of travel.

Systems Approach, System Dynamics, Simulation Modeling, Transport and Energy Interaction, Transport-Environment/Emission Interaction

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] A. Azhaginiyal , G.Umadevi , "System Dynamics Simulation Modeling of Transport, Energy and Emissions Interactions," Civil Engineering and Architecture, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 149 - 165, 2014. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2014.020401.

(b). APA Format:
A. Azhaginiyal , G.Umadevi (2014). System Dynamics Simulation Modeling of Transport, Energy and Emissions Interactions. Civil Engineering and Architecture, 2(4), 149 - 165. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2014.020401.