International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences Vol. 12(3), pp. 531 - 537
DOI: 10.13189/saj.2024.120309
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Impact of Physical Education Classes on Gross Motor Skills in Elementary School Children


Keida Ushtelenca 1,*, Genti Pano 2, Anduela Lile 3, Entela Kushta 3
1 Department of Health and Education, Faculty of Movement Sciences, Sports University of Tirana, Albania
2 Department of Biomedical and Human Sciences, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Sports University of Tirana, Albania
3 Department of Sport and Tourism Management, Faculty of Physical Activity and Recreation, Sports University of Tirana, Albania

ABSTRACT

Gross motor skills allow for whole-body movement and thus require the use of the body's massive core muscles to carry out daily tasks like walking, jogging, and sitting up straight at a table. Several studies have outlined the pivotal role of gross motor skills in a child's development, encompassing physical health, cognitive progression, psycho-social well-being, and academic performance. The purpose of the current study was to examine how physical education classes affect primary school students' gross motor abilities. To provide a representative sample of this age range, 151 children from Tirana between the ages of 9 and 14 were randomly chosen for this study. Participants were subjected to a four-task evaluation prior to and after the academic year in order to gauge the effectiveness of the physical education program. The tasks included: 1. balancing backward, 2. hopping for height, 3. jumping sideways, and 4. moving sideways. The BMI scores of the participants were also measured. SPSS Statistics 26 software was employed to perform statistical analyses. The study's conclusions highlight the importance of physical education programs in a child's development of gross motor abilities, shedding light on their multifaceted influence. Findings point to the potential of interventions and tailored programs in enhancing motor skills among children, and their positive impact on children's growth and their overall well-being. This research will benefit PE teachers, health professionals, and policymakers to better address the physical and developmental needs of the younger generation.

KEYWORDS
Coordination, KTK Test Battery, Gross Motor Skills, Physical Education, Children

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Keida Ushtelenca , Genti Pano , Anduela Lile , Entela Kushta , "Impact of Physical Education Classes on Gross Motor Skills in Elementary School Children," International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 531 - 537, 2024. DOI: 10.13189/saj.2024.120309.

(b). APA Format:
Keida Ushtelenca , Genti Pano , Anduela Lile , Entela Kushta (2024). Impact of Physical Education Classes on Gross Motor Skills in Elementary School Children. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 12(3), 531 - 537. DOI: 10.13189/saj.2024.120309.