Universal Journal of Public Health Vol. 12(2), pp. 240 - 249
DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2024.120207
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Fluency Disorders and Maladaptive Behaviours: A Comprehensive Investigation and Rehabilitation Strategies

Kiruthiga E , G. Christopher *
Department of English, School of Social Sciences and Languages, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, India


Fluency is essential for effective and precise communication. It refers to the effortless nature of speech, encompassing language and speech functioning. Fluency disorders, like stuttering and cluttering, disrupt communication and affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, or background. Genetics and environmental factors can disrupt the development of speech and language fluency, which leads to fluency disorder. Therefore, it is crucial to identify and address these factors in order to improve speech fluency. People with fluency disorders tend to develop negative conditioning, resulting in unhelpful thinking and avoidance behaviours. This research follows a qualitative methodology and draws on various secondary sources, including current medical research publications, psychology research papers, case studies, and medical blogs. The article focuses on fluency disorders such as stuttering and cluttering, discussing available treatment options and strategies for managing these disorders. Stuttering is a fluency disorder that disrupts speech flow and rhythm, causing repetitions or blocks. It is the most common type and affects social, emotional, and academic functioning of an individual. There are three primary forms: developmental, neurogenic, and psychogenic. Genetic factors, neurophysiological differences, and neurochemical imbalances contribute to stuttering. Cluttering is characterized by a fast or irregular speech rate, leading to disorganized speech that is difficult to understand. This condition may also impair word finding and thought organization. Treatment options include fluency-shaping therapy, stuttering modification therapy, cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), mindfulness-based approaches, and pharmacotherapy. Mobile applications are becoming popular tools for managing fluency disorders. The study's findings indicate that early intervention, recovery therapies, and rehabilitation strategies remain crucial in treating fluency disorders, and they can significantly improve an individual's quality of life. This article contributes a comprehensive analysis of fluency disorders and its psychological aspects in the field of human healthcare and development.

Anxiety, Avoidance Behaviour, Cluttering, Rehabilitation, Stuttering

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Kiruthiga E , G. Christopher , "Fluency Disorders and Maladaptive Behaviours: A Comprehensive Investigation and Rehabilitation Strategies," Universal Journal of Public Health, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 240 - 249, 2024. DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2024.120207.

(b). APA Format:
Kiruthiga E , G. Christopher (2024). Fluency Disorders and Maladaptive Behaviours: A Comprehensive Investigation and Rehabilitation Strategies. Universal Journal of Public Health, 12(2), 240 - 249. DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2024.120207.