Universal Journal of Geoscience Vol. 11(1), pp. 1 - 15
DOI: 10.13189/ujg.2024.110101
Reprint (PDF) (1265Kb)


Investigating Climate Change and Its Effects on Water Resources of Pakistan


Asad Ali Khan 1,*, Ehtasham Ullah Khan 2, Kinza Khan 3
1 Department of Geography, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan
2 Department of International Relations, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Pakistan
3 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan

ABSTRACT

Global climate has changed over past several decades and significantly influenced the components of natural and socio-economic environment. Hydrological cycle is highly vulnerable to climate change (CC), specifically in developing countries like Pakistan which lack proper management of fresh water resources. This study intends to examine the CC impacts on water resources of Pakistan. Relying primarily on secondary data gathered mainly from various national and international reports, research studies, publications, and other sources such as websites like 'climate change knowledge portal for development practitioners and policy makers', it attempts to bring out a clear picture of the issue that can help to draw lessons for the future preparedness. For smoothing temperature data, simple moving averages for 5-year interval were also computed. The actual and 5-year smooth values were then plotted against the time, which clearly show rising trends of temperature, an indication of CC. The results demonstrate that climate is changing mainly because of global warming, resulting from greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE). Besides multifaceted and wide ranging global impacts, CC is also affecting water resources of Pakistan negatively threatening future developments. If appropriate and timely mitigation measures were not taken, problems concerning water resources of the country will aggravate further. The study suggests that prime mitigation measures include reduction of GHGE, and appropriate management and conservative use of existing water resources.

KEYWORDS
Climate Change, Global Warming, Pakistan, Water Resources

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Asad Ali Khan , Ehtasham Ullah Khan , Kinza Khan , "Investigating Climate Change and Its Effects on Water Resources of Pakistan," Universal Journal of Geoscience, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 1 - 15, 2024. DOI: 10.13189/ujg.2024.110101.

(b). APA Format:
Asad Ali Khan , Ehtasham Ullah Khan , Kinza Khan (2024). Investigating Climate Change and Its Effects on Water Resources of Pakistan. Universal Journal of Geoscience, 11(1), 1 - 15. DOI: 10.13189/ujg.2024.110101.