International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences Vol. 12(2), pp. 277 - 287
DOI: 10.13189/saj.2024.120202
Reprint (PDF) (768Kb)


Development of a Test Instrument for Physical Assessment in Junior Karate Practitioners: A Study Targeting 16-17-Year-Old Individuals


Pangondian Hotliber Purba 1,*, Tandiyo Rahayu 2, Donny Wira Yudha Kusuma 2, Oktia Woro Kasmini Handayani 3, Mikkey Anggara Suganda 4, Didi Suryadi 5, Jujur Gunawan Manullang 6
1 Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
2 Department of Physical Education, Health and Recreation, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
3 Department of Public Health Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
4 Department of Physical Education, Health and Recreation, Universitas Nadhlatul Ulama Cirebon, Indonesia
5 Faculty of Sport Science, Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
6 Department of Physical Education, Universitas PGRI Palembang, Indonesia

ABSTRACT

Study purpose: Physical condition serves as the main supporting factor, which encourages the development of karateka's overall abilities in kihon, kumite, and kata. The purpose of this study was to formulate a test and compile a normative instrument to assess the physical fitness of junior karate practitioners, particularly those aged 16-17 years. Materials and Methods: Research and development (R&D) method. The research was conducted at a karate dojo under the auspices of the Indonesian Karate-Do Sports Federation (FORKI). The small-scale trial subjects were 55 respondents and the large trial group was 114 respondents. The karate test subjects were 16-17 years old (junior) and a purposive sampling technique was used for the determination of the trial sample. Data analysis techniques used were correlation test, validity test, and reliability test. Results: The results of this study showed two series of karate physical test instruments for male and female junior karate athletes (aged 16-17 years) consisting of; V Sit and Reach, Hexagonal Obstacle, Stork Standing balance, 2-Minute Sit Up, and Multistage Fitness Test. Validity of factor analysis eigenvalues >1 and can be said to be valid. A reliability test was conducted with a test-retest or correlation between the same groups for two treatments. Based on the difference significance test, it shows that t-count = 3.617, df = 59, and P-Value = 0.01 <0.05, which means there was a significant difference in the pre-test and post-test results. Conclusions: 5 items of karate physical test instruments had been produced for junior karate athletes in the kata category, the preparation of karate physical test norms for junior karate athletes in the kata category, and 5 physical test instruments had been produced that were effectively used to improve the performance of junior karate athletes.

KEYWORDS
Test Instruments, Condition Physique, Karate Juniors, Category Kata

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Pangondian Hotliber Purba , Tandiyo Rahayu , Donny Wira Yudha Kusuma , Oktia Woro Kasmini Handayani , Mikkey Anggara Suganda , Didi Suryadi , Jujur Gunawan Manullang , "Development of a Test Instrument for Physical Assessment in Junior Karate Practitioners: A Study Targeting 16-17-Year-Old Individuals," International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 277 - 287, 2024. DOI: 10.13189/saj.2024.120202.

(b). APA Format:
Pangondian Hotliber Purba , Tandiyo Rahayu , Donny Wira Yudha Kusuma , Oktia Woro Kasmini Handayani , Mikkey Anggara Suganda , Didi Suryadi , Jujur Gunawan Manullang (2024). Development of a Test Instrument for Physical Assessment in Junior Karate Practitioners: A Study Targeting 16-17-Year-Old Individuals. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 12(2), 277 - 287. DOI: 10.13189/saj.2024.120202.