International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences Vol. 12(1), pp. 210 - 221
DOI: 10.13189/saj.2024.120122
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Effects of Endurance Training Methods and Mental Toughness on VO2max


Mimi Haetami 1,*, Yusuf Hidayat 2, Andika Triansyah 1, Asep Sumpena 2, Reshandi Nugraha 2, Carsiwan 2, Alit Rahmat 2, Prisca Widiawati 3, Rozita Abdul Latif 4, Wahidah Tumijan 4
1 Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Tanjungpura, Pontianak, Indonesia
2 Faculty of Sport and Health Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia
3 Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia
4 Faculty of Sport Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

Research that examines the effect of a training combining physical and mental aspects simultaneously is still limited, especially the combination of Endurance Training Method (ET-Method) and Mental Toughness (MT). For this reason, this study aimed to examine the effect of the ET-Method (Tabata Training/TT-Method and Sprint Interval Training/SIT-Method) as the independent variable and MT (High-MT and Low-MT) as the moderator variable on VO2max (the dependent variable). The study was conducted using a field experiment method and a 2x2 factorial design on 48 male university students. All participants were divided into four treatment groups using a random assignment. The training was carried out for eight weeks (24 meetings, 3 meetings per week). The data were collected using the Mental Toughness Questionnaire 48 (MTQ48) and the aerobic ability test, namely The 20m Multi Stage Fitness Test or Bleep Test with units of ml/kg/minute to measure an athlete VO2max. Data analysis was performed using a two-factor analysis of variance technique. The results showed that the ET-Method and MT were effective to increase VO2max, both independently and interactively. The TT-Method had a higher effect than the SIT-Method on VO2max, while the VO2max of participants having High-MT was higher than participants having Low- MT. TT-Method gave a higher effect than SIT-Method when combined with Low-MT. Conversely, SIT-Method was more effective than TT-Method when combined with High-MT. Coaches can use both types of ET-Method independently or in combination with MT as an alternative method to increase VO2max.

KEYWORDS
Endurance Training, Mental Toughness, Sprint Interval Training, Tabata Training, VO2max

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Mimi Haetami , Yusuf Hidayat , Andika Triansyah , Asep Sumpena , Reshandi Nugraha , Carsiwan , Alit Rahmat , Prisca Widiawati , Rozita Abdul Latif , Wahidah Tumijan , "Effects of Endurance Training Methods and Mental Toughness on VO2max," International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 210 - 221, 2024. DOI: 10.13189/saj.2024.120122.

(b). APA Format:
Mimi Haetami , Yusuf Hidayat , Andika Triansyah , Asep Sumpena , Reshandi Nugraha , Carsiwan , Alit Rahmat , Prisca Widiawati , Rozita Abdul Latif , Wahidah Tumijan (2024). Effects of Endurance Training Methods and Mental Toughness on VO2max. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 12(1), 210 - 221. DOI: 10.13189/saj.2024.120122.