Universal Journal of Public Health Vol. 12(1), pp. 72 - 82
DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2024.120107
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Delayed Immunization and Health of Children below 5yo during COVID-19 Pandemic


Alfiah Hasanah *, Sutyastie Remi , Bayu Kharisma , Asep Muhammad Adam , Maman Setiawan
Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Padjadjaran, Indonesia

ABSTRACT

This research addresses two investigations regarding the impact of pandemic COVID-19 on children's health in West Java, a province with the second highest number of children registered orphaned due to COVID-19. First, this study examines the probability of delayed immunization for children under 2yo and second it observes the health conditions of children aged below 5yo during pandemic in the same survey area. This research was conducted through a telephone survey of 500 respondents spread across 14 districts and 7 municipalities in West Java, a province that ranked number five among the provinces in Indonesia with the highest number of COVID-19 cases, with Bandung Metropolitan Area (BMA) indicating the largest number of cases after the Jakarta Greater Area. The analysis is estimated using probit regression for both models. The result shows parents are more likely to delay their children’s immunization because they feel it is not safe to bring their children to a health facility. Increases in age of children positively contribute to probability of delayed immunization. Having a community health center close to home contributes to not delaying immunization. Investigations on the health conditions of children aged 5yo show that vaccinated toddlers were less likely to have health issues, particularly if they had regular meal frequency and had a habit of drinking milk. Mothers’ education positively contributes to low health issues of children. Pandemic disrupts children's access to health care services particularly immunization. Children are more likely to have health issues when they do not receive basic immunization as well as internal factors such as dietary habits and mothers’ education.

KEYWORDS
Immunization, Child, Pandemic COVID-19, Java, Indonesia

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Alfiah Hasanah , Sutyastie Remi , Bayu Kharisma , Asep Muhammad Adam , Maman Setiawan , "Delayed Immunization and Health of Children below 5yo during COVID-19 Pandemic," Universal Journal of Public Health, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 72 - 82, 2024. DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2024.120107.

(b). APA Format:
Alfiah Hasanah , Sutyastie Remi , Bayu Kharisma , Asep Muhammad Adam , Maman Setiawan (2024). Delayed Immunization and Health of Children below 5yo during COVID-19 Pandemic. Universal Journal of Public Health, 12(1), 72 - 82. DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2024.120107.