Universal Journal of Public Health Vol. 12(1), pp. 61 - 71
DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2024.120106
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Bridging the Gap: Understanding Gender Disparities in Geriatric Health and Care


Indhumathi S. , Binu Sahayam D *
School of Social Sciences and Languages, VIT Chennai, India

ABSTRACT

Background: Aging is a physiological process and it is an inevitable part of life. According to the Census of India, reports from 2001 and 2011 highlight the increase in the elderly population from 70.6 million to 104 million. It will keep increasing, but that does not necessarily mean they live healthier. Gender is one of the significant factors in geriatrics, as elderly people of different genders face unique challenges related to aging, due to differences in biological, psychological, and social experiences. Objective: To understand the difficulties faced by the elderly based on gender perspectives in health care. Methodology: Qualitative case study methodology was applied in this study using an in-depth interview guide and analyzed thematically. The researcher interviewed 30 elderly people using a convenient sampling method. Descriptive design was used to describe the existing problems of elderly people such as lack of health care, mental health issues, social security issues, financial insecurity, and difficulty with everyday tasks and mobility in Chennai based on their gender. Model: A “bio-psychosocial model” was used to understand the complex interactions between the factors and their impact on gender differences in health outcomes. The current study discussed gender differences and their influence on biological, psychological, and social factors of elderly people. Findings: The findings revealed biological factors such as Cognitive function, and Longevity, psychological factors such as Mental health disorders, coping with loss, and social factors such as Social roles and expectations, and social support networks of the elderly people based on their gender. From the study, both the elderly men and women face unique challenges related to their health. Conclusion: This study focused on developing an in-depth analysis to examine relevant issues, challenges, and areas that require further attention from governments on the impact of gender norms and roles in the realities and experiences of elderly people.

KEYWORDS
Elderly People, Gender, Health Care, Challenges

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Indhumathi S. , Binu Sahayam D , "Bridging the Gap: Understanding Gender Disparities in Geriatric Health and Care," Universal Journal of Public Health, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 61 - 71, 2024. DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2024.120106.

(b). APA Format:
Indhumathi S. , Binu Sahayam D (2024). Bridging the Gap: Understanding Gender Disparities in Geriatric Health and Care. Universal Journal of Public Health, 12(1), 61 - 71. DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2024.120106.