International Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics Vol. 1(1), pp. 1 - 8
DOI: 10.13189/ijbb.2013.010101
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Nuclear Transmutation and Cancer in the Biological Cell

Emad Y. Moawad*
Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt


The aim of this study is to introduce the restrictions of recent disclosures of Nuclear Transmutations (NT), cancer and their overlap occurring in biological entities due to natural or human-caused background agents. This approach involves the experimental proof that elemental transmutations were occurring and regulated in living organisms by the level of radiation to which those organisms have been exposed. The accelerated deactivation of reactor Cs-137 isotope has been verified showing a significantly higher influence upon the spontaneous decay characteristics in growing the biological cells. The effect of NT of Manganese into stable rare isotope Iron (Fe57) in the presence of gamma-ray source by means of Mössbauer spectroscopy was carried out in growing bacterial cultures in heavy-hydrous (D2O) sugar- salt nutrient medium deficient in Iron and contains Manganese. During growing, the replication of DNA, aberrant alterations of gene expression along with cell cycle arrest has been confirmed. NT is a matter of energy balances; under the natural background radiation the low growth energy (EG) of the biological cell allows the safe elemental transmutations only. While the exposure to long term effects at low doses of radiation alters gene expression that influences cell cycle to be arrested, increasing the cell growth energy that allows the harmful and the lethal transmutations besides to the formation of different kinds of cancerous tumors. Thus, as cancer is a disease of inappropriate cell proliferation, NT within the biological cell is a biomarker for cancer detection. All agents - but not only radiation - that lead to the increase in EG of the biological cell are considered cancer causes regulate the NT within the biological cell that contributes to cell proliferation disruption.

Emad Formula, Microbial Catalyst Transmutator, Safe Transmutation, Harmful and Lethal Transmutation

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Emad Y. Moawad , "Nuclear Transmutation and Cancer in the Biological Cell," International Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 1 - 8, 2013. DOI: 10.13189/ijbb.2013.010101.

(b). APA Format:
Emad Y. Moawad (2013). Nuclear Transmutation and Cancer in the Biological Cell. International Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 1(1), 1 - 8. DOI: 10.13189/ijbb.2013.010101.