Universal Journal of Public Health Vol. 11(6), pp. 845 - 851
DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2023.110608
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Vitamin D Status of the Adult Population in Bali and Its Relationship to Anthropometry and Body Fat: A Cross-Sectional Study


Putu Adi Suputra 1,2,*, I Made Jawi 3, Susy Purnawati 3, I Made Muliarta 3
1 Faculty of Medicine, Ganesha University of Education, Indonesia
2 Doctoral Program, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Indonesia
3 Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Indonesia

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In both children and adults, obesity is frequently correlated with low levels of vitamin D. The metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance have both been linked to people with low vitamin D levels. Low vitamin D levels and a higher prevalence of vitamin D deficiency were found in obese individuals, according to several epidemiological and clinical research. Objective: This study aims to determine the status of vitamin D in the population of Buleleng, Bali, and its relationship with body fat composition. Method: Cross-sectional research with a total of 50 subjects who satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria was conducted. Data analysis used independent t-test and one-way ANOVA to test the differences between groups. The Pearson correlation test is used to analyze the relationship between variables. Result: Of all these subjects, 7 people (14%) had normal serum levels of vitamin D (25 (OH) D), 15 people (30%) were insufficient, and 28 people (56%) were deficient. Analysis of vitamin D levels in each subgroup, such as sex, waist circumference (WC), visceral fat, subcutaneous fat, and body mass index (BMI), found significant differences in vitamin D levels (p <0.05). Although there was no significant difference in vitamin D levels in the normal, high, and very high body fat groups (p=0.063), there was a significant inverse relationship between vitamin D levels and body fat (p=0.000). There is also a significant inverse correlation between levels of vitamin D and BMI, body weight, WC, body fat, visceral fat, and subcutaneous fat (p<0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is still high. Vitamin D levels significantly inversely correlate with BMI, body weight, waist circumference, body fat, visceral fat, and subcutaneous fat.

KEYWORDS
Obesity, Vitamin D, BMI, Waist Circumference, Body Fat

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Putu Adi Suputra , I Made Jawi , Susy Purnawati , I Made Muliarta , "Vitamin D Status of the Adult Population in Bali and Its Relationship to Anthropometry and Body Fat: A Cross-Sectional Study," Universal Journal of Public Health, Vol. 11, No. 6, pp. 845 - 851, 2023. DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2023.110608.

(b). APA Format:
Putu Adi Suputra , I Made Jawi , Susy Purnawati , I Made Muliarta (2023). Vitamin D Status of the Adult Population in Bali and Its Relationship to Anthropometry and Body Fat: A Cross-Sectional Study. Universal Journal of Public Health, 11(6), 845 - 851. DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2023.110608.