Universal Journal of Public Health Vol. 11(6), pp. 800 - 812
DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2023.110603
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Correlated Factors Affecting Health-Related Quality of Life of Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Asthma in Jordan


Ahmad Rajeh Saifan 1, Rami A. Elshatarat 2, Ateya Megahed Ibrahim 3,4,*, Khaled M. Al-Sayaghi 2,5, Nora H. Elneblawi 2, Samia Mahmoud Teleb 2,6, Khaldoun M. Hamdan 7, Mohammad Mashaqbeh 1,8, Ahmad Alabbadi 9, Bayan Oleimat 1, Bandar Naffaa Alhumaidi 10, Nabeel Al-Yateem 11
1 Department of Nursing, Applied Science Private University, Jordan
2 Department of Medical and Surgical Nursing, College of Nursing, Taibah University, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
4 Family and Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Port Said University, Egypt
5 Nursing Division, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana'a University, Yemen
6 Medical Surgical Nursing, Nursing Collage, Assiut University, Egypt
7 Faculty of Nursing, Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Jordan
8 Al-Mafraq Governmental Hospital, Al-Mafraq, Jordan
9 The University of Jordan Hospital, Jordan
10 Department of Community Health Nursing, College of Nursing, Taibah University, Saudi Arabia
11 Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma often face a significant symptom burden and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Understanding the factors influencing HRQoL in this population is essential for developing effective interventions. Purpose: This study aimed to assess the perceived symptoms, physical limitations, and impacts on HRQoL among COPD and asthma patients in Jordan. Additionally, we aimed to identify factors correlated with HRQoL in this population. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 120 patients, utilizing the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire for COPD patients. Participants reported their recent respiratory symptoms, limitations in physical activity, and impacts on daily life. Correlation analyses were performed to investigate the associations between various factors and HRQoL. Results: The survey revealed a high prevalence of symptoms, including cough, phlegm production, breathlessness, and wheezing, with the symptoms significantly impacting patients' physical activity and overall well-being. Young age, a higher level of education, perceived excellent or very good health status, increased sleep duration, and a high Forced Expiratory Volume (FEV1) were found to be positively and significantly correlated with higher HRQoL. In contrast, smoking, higher BMI, the presence of comorbidities, a high respiratory rate, and mental health symptoms such as anxiety and depression were positively and significantly correlated with lower HRQoL. Conclusion: This study provides valuable insights into the factors affecting HRQoL among patients with COPD and asthma in Jordan. The findings underscore the need for comprehensive interventions addressing both physical and emotional aspects to improve the well-being of this patient population. Further research is warranted to explore and implement targeted interventions for enhancing HRQoL in these patients.

KEYWORDS
Health-Related Quality of Life, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Asthma, Jordan, Factors Influencing HRQoL

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Ahmad Rajeh Saifan , Rami A. Elshatarat , Ateya Megahed Ibrahim , Khaled M. Al-Sayaghi , Nora H. Elneblawi , Samia Mahmoud Teleb , Khaldoun M. Hamdan , Mohammad Mashaqbeh , Ahmad Alabbadi , Bayan Oleimat , Bandar Naffaa Alhumaidi , Nabeel Al-Yateem , "Correlated Factors Affecting Health-Related Quality of Life of Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Asthma in Jordan," Universal Journal of Public Health, Vol. 11, No. 6, pp. 800 - 812, 2023. DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2023.110603.

(b). APA Format:
Ahmad Rajeh Saifan , Rami A. Elshatarat , Ateya Megahed Ibrahim , Khaled M. Al-Sayaghi , Nora H. Elneblawi , Samia Mahmoud Teleb , Khaldoun M. Hamdan , Mohammad Mashaqbeh , Ahmad Alabbadi , Bayan Oleimat , Bandar Naffaa Alhumaidi , Nabeel Al-Yateem (2023). Correlated Factors Affecting Health-Related Quality of Life of Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Asthma in Jordan. Universal Journal of Public Health, 11(6), 800 - 812. DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2023.110603.