Universal Journal of Public Health Vol. 11(5), pp. 662 - 672
DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2023.110515
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Evaluation of eHealth Literacy Level and its Associated Factors in Primary Health Care of Peru


Juan Morales 1,2,*
1 Department of E-Health Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sciences and Humanities (UCH), Peru
2 Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC), Spain

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The aim was to determine the level of eHealth literacy and its associated factors among users of primary health care services. Methods: Analytical cross-sectional descriptive study. The population consisted of users ≥ 18 years of age of the "Mi Perú" Health Center, Lima-Peru. The study variable was eHealth literacy, which was measured with the "eHealth Literacy Scale" (eHEALS). Results: A total of 405 subjects of both sexes participated, with a median age of 31 years (Q1=25, Q3=40; IQR=15). Regarding eHealth literacy level, 26.2% (n=106) obtained elementary level, 24.7% (n=100) low level, 27.9% (n=113) medium level, and 21.2% (n=86) high level. A significant difference was found between the level of eHealth literacy and the age of users (p<0.001), sex (p=0.048), educational level (p<0.001), Internet access through a desktop computer and laptop (p=0.027 and p=0.009, respectively), use of the Internet for health information search purposes (p<0.001) and autonomy in the use of the Internet (p<0.001). Conclusion: In the Peruvian context, only one-fifth of the users of the first level of care reveal a high level of eHealth literacy. Young people, women, higher level of education, access to the Internet through a computer, use of the Internet for health information search purposes and autonomy to use the Internet were the factors associated with a higher level of eHealth literacy. It is recommended that other alternatives based on digital technology be explored to contribute to improving the health status of the population.

KEYWORDS
Health Literacy, Health Services, Primary Health Care, Peru

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Juan Morales , "Evaluation of eHealth Literacy Level and its Associated Factors in Primary Health Care of Peru," Universal Journal of Public Health, Vol. 11, No. 5, pp. 662 - 672, 2023. DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2023.110515.

(b). APA Format:
Juan Morales (2023). Evaluation of eHealth Literacy Level and its Associated Factors in Primary Health Care of Peru. Universal Journal of Public Health, 11(5), 662 - 672. DOI: 10.13189/ujph.2023.110515.