Environment and Ecology Research Vol. 11(5), pp. 747 - 759
DOI: 10.13189/eer.2023.110505
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Evaluation of Indoor Air Quality in Residential Spaces During COVID-19 in Bahrain

Sandra Rachel Anil Job *
Department of Architectural and Interior Design Engineering, College of Engineering, Gulf University, Sanad 26489, Kingdom of Bahrain


Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) plays a tremendous role in affecting user comfort, health, behavior, and overall satisfaction. It is very important as it can be a cause for concern and troublesome in the long term if not treated in advance. To study user satisfaction with IAQ, variables such as human health, behavior, and circulation patterns were closely addressed. Moreover, residences were selected as the area of focus as most of one's time is spent at home. This study incorporated residents of Bahrain above the age of 20 who were segregated based on whether they were working or non-working. The study aimed at addressing user satisfaction with IAQ in Residences of Bahrain during the 'COVID-19 pandemic', especially, as residents spent a large amount of time at their households during the lockdown period. The research involved analyzing issues of IAQ both internationally and regionally, which was later implemented in the local context of Bahrain. Questionnaires and Interviews about user satisfaction with IAQ were conducted with a large group of residents and covered both quantitative and qualitative approaches. The data collected was analyzed manually. Altogether the study showed that most of the residents are satisfied with their experience of IAQ in their households despite facing pollution to a certain extent. Meanwhile, a smaller group of residents faced issues that directly affected their health, behaviors, and movement patterns which was contributed by the IAQ of their households. Nevertheless, the research helped to gain a deeper understanding of user satisfaction in general and gave new insights into issues faced by residents in terms of air quality.

User Satisfaction, IAQ, Households, COVID-19, Bahrain

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Sandra Rachel Anil Job , "Evaluation of Indoor Air Quality in Residential Spaces During COVID-19 in Bahrain," Environment and Ecology Research, Vol. 11, No. 5, pp. 747 - 759, 2023. DOI: 10.13189/eer.2023.110505.

(b). APA Format:
Sandra Rachel Anil Job (2023). Evaluation of Indoor Air Quality in Residential Spaces During COVID-19 in Bahrain. Environment and Ecology Research, 11(5), 747 - 759. DOI: 10.13189/eer.2023.110505.