Environment and Ecology Research Vol. 11(3), pp. 475 - 482
DOI: 10.13189/eer.2023.110307
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Estimation of Lead and Iron Concentration in Fern (Stenochlaena palustris (Burm. F. Bedd)) Grown under Different Conditions of Peatlands


T. Abu Hanifah *, Sofia Anita , Ganis Fia Kartika , Itnawita , Mukhlis , Winda Setyarini
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia

ABSTRACT

Background of the research: Fern with excessive or lacking of Fe as a result of peat burning was considered toxic to be consumed. Purpose: The aim of the study was to evaluate the metals bioaccumulation of lead (Pb) and iron (Fe) in Fern (Stenochlaena palustris (Burm. F. Bedd)) grown on peatlands. Methodologies: Three classifications of peatlands were used in this study: unburnt peatlands, peatlands that burned once and peatlands that burned several (2-3) times. To examine the estimation, the research was conducted at Pakning, Bukit Batu District, Bengkalis Regency, Riau Province, Indonesia. Determination of Pb and Fe metals in the roots, stems and leaves of Fern growing on burnt peat was analyzed using ANOVA. Principal results: The result obtained showed that the concentration of Pb on Stenochlaena palustris decreased in the peatland burned, however, Fe concentration increased at once burned and burned several times. Bioconcentration Factor (BCF) result showed that Pb (II) and Fe (II) were > 1 (one) and translocation factor (TF) result showed < 1. Major conclusions: The results showed significant differences in roots, stem, and leaves of Stenochlaena palustris that grew on unburnt peatland, once burned and burned several times. Contributions to the field: This study provides empirical evidence of Lead and Iron Concentration in Fern (Stenochlaena palustris (Burm. F. Bedd)) grown under different conditions of peatlands. Important aspects of the study: Based on the BCF, Stenochlaena palustris was classified as a bioaccumulator's plant. Research limitations/ implications: The analysis only examines Fern as a bioaccumulator and the TF of Stenochlaena palustris (Burm. F. Bedd) against Pb (II) and Fe (II) ions. Practical implications: This practically emphasized that a lower Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) value decreases the possibility of Fern being consumed.

KEYWORDS
Metal Bioaccumulation, Stenochlaena Palustris, Atomic Absorption, Spectrophotometer, Peatlands, UV-Vis Spectrophotometer, TF

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] T. Abu Hanifah , Sofia Anita , Ganis Fia Kartika , Itnawita , Mukhlis , Winda Setyarini , "Estimation of Lead and Iron Concentration in Fern (Stenochlaena palustris (Burm. F. Bedd)) Grown under Different Conditions of Peatlands," Environment and Ecology Research, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 475 - 482, 2023. DOI: 10.13189/eer.2023.110307.

(b). APA Format:
T. Abu Hanifah , Sofia Anita , Ganis Fia Kartika , Itnawita , Mukhlis , Winda Setyarini (2023). Estimation of Lead and Iron Concentration in Fern (Stenochlaena palustris (Burm. F. Bedd)) Grown under Different Conditions of Peatlands. Environment and Ecology Research, 11(3), 475 - 482. DOI: 10.13189/eer.2023.110307.