International Journal of Social Work and Human Services Practice(CEASE PUBLICATION) Vol. 10(1), pp. 1 - 17
DOI: 10.13189/ijrh.2023.100101
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When True Service Counts: Developing a Volunteerism Attributes Questionnaire (VAQ), An Exploratory Sequential Mixed Methods Approach


Valentin Jr. Samonte 1, Imee C. Acosta 2,*, Alexander S. Acosta 3, Ivy Corazon A. Mangaya-ay 4
1 Admission Center, Bath Spa University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
2 Bookstore (Academic Resources), School of the Arts, Virginia Commonwealth University, Doha, Qatar
3 Administration Department, Philippine School Doha, Doha, Qatar
4 Research Department, Bohol Island State University, Tagbilaran City, Bohol, Philippines

ABSTRACT

Volunteerism is a form of service to do common good that is unpaid, but produces positive outcomes for the society and a rewarding experience on the part of the volunteer. The central aim of this study was to develop, test, and validate a questionnaire for assessing characteristics of volunteerism. The exploratory sequential mixed methods design was applied as a rigorous method in the development of the questionnaire. In this design, a three-phase approach was conducted. The first phase was a phenomenological study that used a semi-structured in-depth interview to describe the attributes of volunteerism based on the accounts of the 7 interviewed volunteers of their lived-experiences. In the second phase, the Volunteerism Attributes Questionnaire (VQ) was developed on the basis of the results of phase 1. In the third phase, two surveys were conducted to establish the validity of the VAQ. The first survey (N=125), Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was conducted to determine the factorial structure of the questionnaire and in the second survey (N=422), the constructs of the questionnaire were further validated using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). This study offers a unique approach that outlined the process of developing a quantitative instrument for determining volunteerism attributes. It is now feasible for volunteers from various sectors and cultures to apply the VAQ in determining their inherent values of volunteerism using a common questionnaire.

KEYWORDS
Mixed Methods, Sequential Exploratory, Phenomenology, Interviews, Questionnaire Development, Volunteerism

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Valentin Jr. Samonte , Imee C. Acosta , Alexander S. Acosta , Ivy Corazon A. Mangaya-ay , "When True Service Counts: Developing a Volunteerism Attributes Questionnaire (VAQ), An Exploratory Sequential Mixed Methods Approach," International Journal of Social Work and Human Services Practice(CEASE PUBLICATION), Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 1 - 17, 2023. DOI: 10.13189/ijrh.2023.100101.

(b). APA Format:
Valentin Jr. Samonte , Imee C. Acosta , Alexander S. Acosta , Ivy Corazon A. Mangaya-ay (2023). When True Service Counts: Developing a Volunteerism Attributes Questionnaire (VAQ), An Exploratory Sequential Mixed Methods Approach. International Journal of Social Work and Human Services Practice(CEASE PUBLICATION), 10(1), 1 - 17. DOI: 10.13189/ijrh.2023.100101.