Universal Journal of Psychology Vol. 2(2), pp. 95 - 102
DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2014.020207
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Using Self-handicaps to Protect Self-esteem: Young Peoples’ Responses to Evaluative Threat in Sport


P.D. Cooley *, S.J. Pedersen
Human Movement, Faculty of Education, University of Tasmania, Launceston, Tasmania, 7248 Australia

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this investigation was to examine the relationship between self-esteem, certainty of self-esteem and trait self-handicapping and the use of self-avowals of performance disruption. A random sample of young people for whom sport was highly self-relevant, were randomly allocated to a condition that exposed them to unexplained failure on a sport test or a non-evaluative condition. Results showed that low self-esteem individuals who experienced unexpected failure significantly reported more performance disruption as a self-handicap. Trait self-handicapping, certainty of self-esteem and gender were not predictors of self-handicapping. Recommendations for teachers and coaches are discussed.

KEYWORDS
Self-Handicapping, Self-Esteem, Sport

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] P.D. Cooley , S.J. Pedersen , "Using Self-handicaps to Protect Self-esteem: Young Peoples’ Responses to Evaluative Threat in Sport," Universal Journal of Psychology, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 95 - 102, 2014. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2014.020207.

(b). APA Format:
P.D. Cooley , S.J. Pedersen (2014). Using Self-handicaps to Protect Self-esteem: Young Peoples’ Responses to Evaluative Threat in Sport. Universal Journal of Psychology, 2(2), 95 - 102. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2014.020207.