### Journals Information

**
Mathematics and Statistics Vol. 10(6), pp. 1178 - 1193 DOI: 10.13189/ms.2022.100604 Reprint (PDF) (908Kb) **

## Bootstrap-t Confidence Interval on Local Polynomial Regression Prediction

**Abil Mansyur , Elmanani Simamora ^{*}**

Department of Mathematics, Universitas Negeri Medan, Medan, 20221, North Sumatera, Indonesia

**ABSTRACT**

In local polynomial regression, prediction confidence interval estimation using standard theory will give coverage probability close to exact coverage probability. However, if the normality assumption is not met, the bootstrap method makes it possible to apply it. The working principle of the bootstrap method uses the resampling method where the sample data becomes a population and there is no need to know the distribution of the sample data is normal or not. Indiscriminate selection of smoothing parameters allows scatterplot results from local polynomial regressions to be rough and can even lead to misleading statistical conclusions. It is necessary to consider the optimal smoothing parameters to get local polynomial regression predictions that are not overfitting or underfitting. We offer two new algorithms based on the nested bootstrap resampling method to determine the bootstrap-t confidence interval in predicting local polynomial regression. Both algorithms consider the search for optimal smoothing parameters. The first algorithm performs paired and residual bootstrap samples, and the second algorithm performs based on residuals with residuals. The first algorithm provides a scatterplot and reasonable coverage probability on relatively large sample data. In contrast, the second algorithm is more powerful for each data size, including for relatively small sample data sizes. The mean of the bootstrap-t confidence interval coverage probability shows that the second algorithm for second-degree local polynomial regression is better than the other three. However, the larger the sample data size gives, the closer the closer the average coverage probability of the two algorithms is to the nominal coverage probability.

**KEYWORDS**

Bootstrap, Confidence Interval, Coverage Probability, Algorithm, Simulation

**Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles**

(a). IEEE Format:

[1] Abil Mansyur , Elmanani Simamora , "Bootstrap-t Confidence Interval on Local Polynomial Regression Prediction," Mathematics and Statistics, Vol. 10, No. 6, pp. 1178 - 1193, 2022. DOI: 10.13189/ms.2022.100604.

(b). APA Format:

Abil Mansyur , Elmanani Simamora (2022). Bootstrap-t Confidence Interval on Local Polynomial Regression Prediction. Mathematics and Statistics, 10(6), 1178 - 1193. DOI: 10.13189/ms.2022.100604.