Universal Journal of Psychology Vol. 2(2), pp. 76 - 80
DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2014.020204
Reprint (PDF) (212Kb)

Developing Sport Environment Based on Motives of Different Ethnics

Vincent A. Parnabas 1,*, Julinamary Parnabas 2
1 Faculty of Sport Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam, 40450 Selangor, Malaysia
2 Institut Pendidikan Guru, Kampus Darulaman, Jitra, Kedah, Malaysia


People from different cultural background show different motives for taking part in sports. Since lack of research in this area, there is still uncertainty on motives of different cultural groups in Malaysia. Malaysia consists of many ethnic groups with different cultural backgrounds, namely Malays, Chinese and Indians, maintain separate cultural identities. Knowing motives of different ethnics for participating in sports will help sports psychologists and sport industries to develop an appropriate sports environment for that ethnics. The present research will evaluate the motives that encourage different background ethnics to participate in sports, in order to develop sport environment according to each ethnic needs. The sample consisted of 231 athletes, with Malay ethnic athletes (N=101), Chinese ethnic athletes (N=73) and Indian ethnic athletes (N=57). A 30-item questionnaire called “Motives of Taking Part in Sport” was used. Six factors were derived from the questionnaire. They are socialization, high status career, green space area, music, body shape and challenges. The result showed that Malay ethnic group taking part in sport for green space environment, Chinese for body shape, while Indians for socialization. The findings of this study will be beneficial to government officials, private sectors, sports psychologists and sport industries in Malaysia in conducting sports centers, products or services to encourage different ethnics in Malaysia to take part in sports.

Motives, Sport Environment, Ethnic

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Vincent A. Parnabas , Julinamary Parnabas , "Developing Sport Environment Based on Motives of Different Ethnics," Universal Journal of Psychology, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 76 - 80, 2014. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2014.020204.

(b). APA Format:
Vincent A. Parnabas , Julinamary Parnabas (2014). Developing Sport Environment Based on Motives of Different Ethnics. Universal Journal of Psychology, 2(2), 76 - 80. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2014.020204.