Universal Journal of Psychology Vol. 2(2), pp. 65 - 75
DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2014.020203
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Differences in the Experience and Expression of Sexual Jealousy: A Terror Management Theory Perspective


Claude H. Miller 1, Bobi Ivanov 2,*, Mark J. Landau 3, Dini Masad 4, Shane Semmler 5, Jennifer Ann White 6
1 Department of Communication, University of Oklahoma, Norman, 02215, Oklahoma, United States
2 School of Journalism and Telecommunications, University of Kentucky, Lexington, 40506, Kentucky, United States
3 Department of Psychology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, 66045, Kansas, United States
4 Department of Marketing, University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, 73034, Oklahoma, United States
5 Department of Communication Studies, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, 57069, South Dakota, United States
6 Department of Mass Communication, University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, 73034, Oklahoma, United States

ABSTRACT

Although there is general agreement the causes and consequences of jealousy bear on self-esteem, research on the experience and expression of jealousy has produced conflicting results regarding gender differences. From the perspective of terror management theory TMT; 1], individuals adopt meaningful cultural worldviews—including culturally derived and expressed sexual attitudes—to strengthen their self-esteem and ward off existential anxiety. The present research assessed the idea that admitting vulnerability to feelings of sexual or emotional jealousy can pose a threat to self-esteem, thus altering how the emotion is expressed and communicated. Accordingly, we tested and found that men—generally thought to experience, exhibit, and express greater sexual jealousy than women—reported less sexual jealousy when mortality concerns were made salient. It is argued that gender differences in the expression of sexual jealousy (although not necessarily the experience) are moderated by self-esteem concerns associated with socialization and enculturation.

KEYWORDS
Anxiety, Death, Emotional Expression, Gender Differences, Jealousy, Self-Esteem, Sex

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Claude H. Miller , Bobi Ivanov , Mark J. Landau , Dini Masad , Shane Semmler , Jennifer Ann White , "Differences in the Experience and Expression of Sexual Jealousy: A Terror Management Theory Perspective," Universal Journal of Psychology, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 65 - 75, 2014. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2014.020203.

(b). APA Format:
Claude H. Miller , Bobi Ivanov , Mark J. Landau , Dini Masad , Shane Semmler , Jennifer Ann White (2014). Differences in the Experience and Expression of Sexual Jealousy: A Terror Management Theory Perspective. Universal Journal of Psychology, 2(2), 65 - 75. DOI: 10.13189/ujp.2014.020203.