Universal Journal of Plant Science Vol. 9(2), pp. 22 - 32
DOI: 10.13189/ujps.2022.090202
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A Review on Micropropagational and Phytochemical Aspects of Some Medicinally Important Wetland Plants


Syamkumar T. S. , S. Geethalakshmi *
Department of Biotechnology, Sree Narayana Guru College, KG Chavadi, 641105, Tamilnadu, India

ABSTRACT

Wetlands are places where the soil is always moist. Plants that are found in areas that are always wet are called wetland plants. Sphaeranthus indicus, Eclipta alba and Scoparia dulcis all are wetland plants. The background of this study is to understand the different types of phytochemicals present in these three wetland plants and micropropagation methods using different types of explants. The bioactive constituents contained in these three wetland plants and micropropagation methods using various types of explants were learned from the previous articles. Phytochemicals such as sesquiterpene lactones, eudesmanolides, and flavonoids have been isolated from the plant Sphaeranthus indicus. Eclipta alba has yielded a diverse set of chemical compounds, including coumestans, alkaloids, thiopenes, saponins, quinines, flavonoids, polyacetylenes, triterpenes and their glycosides. The main bioactive compounds contained in the plant Scoparia dulcis are flavonoids, polyphenols, tannins and terpenoids. Micropropagation using different types of explants has been done very successfully for these three wetland plants. Phytochemicals mainly contained in these plants are alkaloids, terpenoids, steroids, flavonoids, coumestan. Explants used for micropropagation are leaf, shoot tip, nodal segments, apical buds, axillary buds and seeds. The main conclusion of this study is that all these plants have many medicinal properties that are yet to be discovered. All of which should be exposed to the latest technologies available in the field. However, the extent to which plant tissue culture can be used in these plants is also a possibility that should be considered.

KEYWORDS
Alkaloids, Terpenoids, Steroids, Flavonoids, Coumestan, Saponins, Quinines, IAA, IBA, NAA

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Syamkumar T. S. , S. Geethalakshmi , "A Review on Micropropagational and Phytochemical Aspects of Some Medicinally Important Wetland Plants," Universal Journal of Plant Science, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 22 - 32, 2022. DOI: 10.13189/ujps.2022.090202.

(b). APA Format:
Syamkumar T. S. , S. Geethalakshmi (2022). A Review on Micropropagational and Phytochemical Aspects of Some Medicinally Important Wetland Plants. Universal Journal of Plant Science, 9(2), 22 - 32. DOI: 10.13189/ujps.2022.090202.