International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences Vol. 10(3), pp. 371 - 377
DOI: 10.13189/saj.2022.100302
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Effects of Exercise and Vibration Therapy on Body Composition in β-Thalassemia Patients


Genti Pano 1,*, Andis Bogdani 2, Anduela Lile 3
1 Department of Biomedical and Human Disciplines, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Sports University of Tirana, 1001, Tirana, Albania
2 Department of Movement and Health Sports, Faculty of Physical Activity and Recreation, Sports University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania
3 Deparment of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Activity and Recreation, Sports University of Tirana, 1001, Tirana, Albania

ABSTRACT

The genetic condition beta thalassemia is one of the most frequent in the world. Beta thalassemia is a blood condition in which hemoglobin synthesis is reduced. Age, gender, gonadal status, nutrition, exercise, and hormonal variables are all factors that impact body composition. The main objective was to see how exercise combined with vibration therapy affected body composition in β-Thalassemia patients. Ten female β-Thalassemia volunteers, aged 18 to 32, were separated into two groups: control group (5 subjects) and experimental/intervention group (5 subjects). Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to determine body composition. A 12-week exercise regimen was designed to be conducted on a vibration platform with a frequency programmed from 15-30 MHz, in total 50 minutes per session including warm-up and cool down. After the intervention, ANOVA findings demonstrated a significant difference in the dependent variable (Fat tissue %) between the experimental and control groups (F(1)=9.111, p=0.017). In the measurements that were repeated after the intervention, the dependent variable (Lean tissue %) showed no significant difference (p>0.05) between the experimental and control groups (F(1)=2.671, p=0.141). Exercise combined with vibration therapy improved body composition parameters in the intervention group, indicating that this form of intervention can be utilized to enhance general health in thalassemia patients. Other studies need to be carried out to better identify risk factors, prevention strategies, and to introduce special guidelines in designing customized physical activity programs for different social groups.

KEYWORDS
β-Thalassemia, Body Composition, Exercise Program, Vibration Therapy

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Genti Pano , Andis Bogdani , Anduela Lile , "Effects of Exercise and Vibration Therapy on Body Composition in β-Thalassemia Patients," International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 371 - 377, 2022. DOI: 10.13189/saj.2022.100302.

(b). APA Format:
Genti Pano , Andis Bogdani , Anduela Lile (2022). Effects of Exercise and Vibration Therapy on Body Composition in β-Thalassemia Patients. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 10(3), 371 - 377. DOI: 10.13189/saj.2022.100302.