Civil Engineering and Architecture Vol. 10(4), pp. 1494 - 1504
DOI: 10.13189/cea.2022.100419
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Stereotomic and Tectonic Architecture from Structural Point of View: Case of a Single 10-Story Perforated Shell Structure


Ilda Rusi 1,*, Llazar Kumaraku 2
1 Department of Architecture and Engineering, Faculty of Architecture and Design, POLIS University, Rr. Bylis 12, Autostrada Tiranë-Durrës, Km 5, Tirana, Albania
2 Department of Scientific Research, Faculty of Research and Development, POLIS University, Rr. Bylis 12, Autostrada Tiranë-Durrës, Km 5, Tirana, Albania

ABSTRACT

This paper is part of a research on innovative structural systems techniques in tall buildings and starts from the collaboration between the Department of Scientific Research and the Department of Architecture and Engineering at Polis University. The objective of this paper is to emphasize the structural differences between tectonic and stereotomic architecture by analyzing the different structural behaviors of both languages. The initial hypothesis is that an interaction field can be found where these two languages can be combined to propose a design method for a preliminary design process. The methodology goes through the following steps: the first step, analysis and determination of tectonic and stereotomic modelling approach; the second step, analysis of a single 10 story perforated shell structure by changing the openings ratio from a structural point of view and the third step, interpretation of results stating these two different architectural and structural profiles are intertwined. The instruments used are presented by a multivariate visualization method, an easy-to-use and as a key concept for generating the perforated pattern of the shell structure. They describe a visual and interactive, performance informed tool-using software of Rhino Grasshopper, Karamba 3D plugin, indicating the designer's preferences and concluding with the structural control of the model build. It is expected that the results will introduce a generative design method for architecture grounded on the stereotomic and tectonic modelling approach that can contribute towards the integration of structural rationality into preliminary architectural design process of tall buildings.

KEYWORDS
Stereotomic & Tectonic Modelling, Architectural Image, Structural Behavior, Perforated Shell, Generative Design Method

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Ilda Rusi , Llazar Kumaraku , "Stereotomic and Tectonic Architecture from Structural Point of View: Case of a Single 10-Story Perforated Shell Structure," Civil Engineering and Architecture, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 1494 - 1504, 2022. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2022.100419.

(b). APA Format:
Ilda Rusi , Llazar Kumaraku (2022). Stereotomic and Tectonic Architecture from Structural Point of View: Case of a Single 10-Story Perforated Shell Structure. Civil Engineering and Architecture, 10(4), 1494 - 1504. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2022.100419.