Universal Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 10(1), pp. 38 - 52
DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2022.100104
Reprint (PDF) (935Kb)


Efficiency of Some Traps to Measure Flux Dust Suspension Particles by Wind Erosion


Omnia M. Wassif *
Soil Erosion Unit, Soil and Water Conservation Department, Desert Research Center (DRC), Cairo, Egypt

ABSTRACT

This study was to analyze the efficiency (E) of traps in holding suspended soil particles that cause dust, environmental and agricultural problems by wind erosion in NWCZ, Egypt. These vertical and passive sediment traps with different design in rotary and fixed reservoir box and different methods of measured soil loss. Rotary Distance (RD), Fixed Distance (FD), Rotary Point (RP) and Fixed Point (FP) traps were compared with traditional trap Big Spring Number Eight (BSNE). The variation between traps’ efficiency as a function of height was significantly (P≤0.05) and was as follow: RD, FD, RP, and FP more increase than BSNE. The performance of the trap types as an efficiency of suspension particles (assumed to possess E=1 for suspended particle sizes) was as follow RD> FD> RP> FP> BSNE; 99%, 98%, 88%, 85%, 65% respectively. The efficiency of traps in suspension particles size (<45, 45- 63 and >100 µm) were significant (P ≤ 0.05) and the best efficient were RD and FD. Therefore, RD and FD traps have direct methods for measuring soil loss by wind erosion and have the most acceptable, accurate, fastest and easiest in soil particle analyzed and therefore the most effective way to discriminate suspension particles.

KEYWORDS
Dust Flux, Trap Suspension Efficiency, Horizontal Suspended Mass Flux, Passive Sediments, Vertical Traps

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Omnia M. Wassif , "Efficiency of Some Traps to Measure Flux Dust Suspension Particles by Wind Erosion," Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 38 - 52, 2022. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2022.100104.

(b). APA Format:
Omnia M. Wassif (2022). Efficiency of Some Traps to Measure Flux Dust Suspension Particles by Wind Erosion. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, 10(1), 38 - 52. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2022.100104.