### Journals Information

Mathematics and Statistics Vol. 10(1), pp. 145 - 152
DOI: 10.13189/ms.2022.100112
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## A Basic Dimensional Representation of Artin Braid Group , and a General Burau Representation

Arash Pourkia *
College of Engineering and Technology, American University of the Middle East, Kuwait

ABSTRACT

Braid groups and their representations are at the center of study, not only in low-dimensional topology, but also in many other branches of mathematics and theoretical physics. Burau representation of the Artin braid group which has two versions, reduced and unreduced, has been the focus of extensive study and research since its discovery in 1930's. It remains as one of the very important representations for the braid group. Partly, because of its connections to the Alexander polynomial which is one of the first and most useful invariants for knots and links. In the present work, we show that interesting representations of braid group could be achieved using a simple and intuitive approach, where we simply analyse the path of strands in a braid and encode the over-crossings, under-crossings or no-crossings into some parameters. More precisely, at each crossing, where, for example, the strand crosses over the strand we assign t to the top strand and b to the bottom strand. We consider the parameter t as a relative weight given to strand relative to , hence the position for t in the matrix representation. Similarly, the parameter b is a relative weight given to strand relative to , hence the position for b in the matrix representation. We show this simple path analyzing approach that leads us to an interesting simple representation. Next, we show that following the same intuitive approach, only by introducing an additional parameter, we can greatly improve the representation into the one with much smaller kernel. This more general representation includes the unreduced Burau representation, as a special case. Our new path analyzing approach has the advantage that it applies a very simple and intuitive method capturing the fundamental interactions of the strands in a braid. In this approach we intuitively follow each strand in a braid and create a history for the strand as it interacts with other strands via over-crossings, under-crossings or no-crossings. This, directly, leads us to the desired representations.

KEYWORDS
Artin Braid Group, Braid Group Representations, Burau Representations

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Arash Pourkia , "A Basic Dimensional Representation of Artin Braid Group , and a General Burau Representation," Mathematics and Statistics, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 145 - 152, 2022. DOI: 10.13189/ms.2022.100112.

(b). APA Format:
Arash Pourkia (2022). A Basic Dimensional Representation of Artin Braid Group , and a General Burau Representation. Mathematics and Statistics, 10(1), 145 - 152. DOI: 10.13189/ms.2022.100112.