Civil Engineering and Architecture Vol. 9(5A), pp. 68 - 77
DOI: 10.13189/cea.2021.091308
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Assessing the Vulnerability of Kota Kinabalu Buildings

Noor Sheena Herayani Harith 1,2,*, Viliana Jainih 1, Mohd Azizul Ladin 1, Mohd Irwan Adiyanto 3
1 Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS), Jalan UMS, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
2 Natural Disaster Research Center, Faculty of Science & Natural Resources, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS), 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
3 Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP), Gambang, Malaysia


A gradual increase in moderate and low seismic activity has occurred in Sabah over the course of several years due to the presence of certain moderately active fault lines in the region. Around 300 moderate earthquakes with magnitudes ranging from MW 4.0 to 7.0 have occurred in the last 120 years. The majority of existing buildings in Sabah are wind and gravity loaded. This study proposes a preliminary seismic vulnerability assessment methodology based on empirical and analytical vulnerability method for 250 existing buildings in Kota Kinabalu city. The empirical vulnerability assessment focuses on building evaluation utilizing a standard Rapid Visual Screening (RVS) method and the FEMA 154 guidebook's moderate seismicity assessment form. A field survey was conducted on the buildings ranging in height from low-rise to high-rise. As a result, when subjected to moderate-intensity earthquakes, 60% of the buildings are classed as susceptible and vulnerable to seismic hazard. The current study included the use of nonlinear static analysis to seven different building cases for further investigation. The findings of the analysis demonstrate that the majority of the buildings respond linearly elastical when subjected to peak ground acceleration (PGA) at 0.17g, which indicate that, buildings without seismic design accumulate damage early when subjected to moderate earthquake loadings.

Rapid Visual Screening, Building Vulnerability, Kota Kinabalu

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Noor Sheena Herayani Harith , Viliana Jainih , Mohd Azizul Ladin , Mohd Irwan Adiyanto , "Assessing the Vulnerability of Kota Kinabalu Buildings," Civil Engineering and Architecture, Vol. 9, No. 5A, pp. 68 - 77, 2021. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2021.091308.

(b). APA Format:
Noor Sheena Herayani Harith , Viliana Jainih , Mohd Azizul Ladin , Mohd Irwan Adiyanto (2021). Assessing the Vulnerability of Kota Kinabalu Buildings. Civil Engineering and Architecture, 9(5A), 68 - 77. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2021.091308.