Journals Information

Mathematics and Statistics Vol. 9(5), pp. 697 - 710
DOI: 10.13189/ms.2021.090509
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Choice of Strata Boundaries for Allocation Proportional to Stratum Cluster Totals in Stratified Cluster Sampling

Bhuwaneshwar Kumar Gupt 1,*, F. Lalthlamuanpuii 1, Md. Irphan Ahamed 2
1 Department of Statistics, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, 793022, India
2 Department of Mathematics, Umshyrpi College, Shillong, 793004, India

ABSTRACT

In survey planning, sometimes, there arises situation to use cluster sampling because of nature of spatial relationship between elements of population or physical feature of land over which elements are dispersed or unavailability of reliable list of elements. At the same time, there requires technique and strategy for ensuring precision of the sample in representing the parent population. Although several theoretical cum practical works have been done in cluster sampling, stratified sampling and stratified cluster sampling, so far, the problem of stratified cluster sampling for a study variable based on an auxiliary variable, which is required in practice, has never been approached. For the first time, this paper deals with the problem of optimum stratification of population of clusters in cluster sampling with clusters of equal size of a characteristic y under study based on highly correlated concomitant variable x for allocation proportional to stratum cluster totals under a super population model. Equations giving optimum strata boundaries (OSB) for dividing population, in which sampling unit of the population is a cluster, are obtained by minimising sampling variance of the estimator of population mean. As the equations are implicit in nature, a few methods of finding approximately optimum strata boundaries (AOSB) are deduced from the equations giving OSB. In deriving the equations, mathematical tools of calculus and algebra are used in addition to statistical methods of finding conditional expectation of variance. All the proposed methods of stratification are empirically examined by illustrating in live data, population of villages in Lunglei and Serchhip districts of Mizoram State, India, and found to perform efficiently in stratifying the population. The proposed methods may provide practically feasible solution in planning socio-economic survey.

KEYWORDS
Allocation, Gamma Probability Density Function, Cluster Size, Optimum Strata Boundaries, Stratified Cluster Sampling, Stratification Variable

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Bhuwaneshwar Kumar Gupt , F. Lalthlamuanpuii , Md. Irphan Ahamed , "Choice of Strata Boundaries for Allocation Proportional to Stratum Cluster Totals in Stratified Cluster Sampling," Mathematics and Statistics, Vol. 9, No. 5, pp. 697 - 710, 2021. DOI: 10.13189/ms.2021.090509.

(b). APA Format:
Bhuwaneshwar Kumar Gupt , F. Lalthlamuanpuii , Md. Irphan Ahamed (2021). Choice of Strata Boundaries for Allocation Proportional to Stratum Cluster Totals in Stratified Cluster Sampling. Mathematics and Statistics, 9(5), 697 - 710. DOI: 10.13189/ms.2021.090509.