International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences Vol. 9(4), pp. 676 - 681
DOI: 10.13189/saj.2021.090411
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Teaching Anatomy in Physical Education: Deductive Versus Inductive Methodology


Shahin Ahmedov *, Figen Yaman Lesinger , Onur Sanivar , Perihan Sanivar
Cyprus Health & Social Sciences University, Guzelyurt, N.Cyprus, 99800/via Mersin 10, Turkey

ABSTRACT

Substantial knowledge in human anatomy is the premise for constructing lifelong effective exercise programs in public health. The level of public awareness of the basic structure of the human body remains low for years and continues to be a challenge for trainees. The traditional teaching approach in anatomy studies utilizes inductive methodology, where body parts of the structure are taught separately, which might be productive for medical students. Teaching anatomy in nonmedical programs like physical education (PE), however, intends for a holistic understanding of the subject to accentuate functional anatomy, which differs from its classical medical programs purely structural comprehension. Consequently, we suggested that a deductive rather than an inductive form of teaching anatomy in PE might bring the difference and ease the studying process. To statistically analyze this hypothesis traditionally utilized in the PE inductive educational approach for anatomy study was compared with the newly introduced deductive form of teaching through retrospective evaluation of student's exam results. Exam scores of 1167 first-year students were divided into population and sample groups. The former included 1055 exam results of students previously taught by inductive methodology, whereas the latter consisted of 114 students' exam results after the deductive presentation of anatomy. The comparative analysis made by t-test for population-sample groups demonstrated significantly higher (p<0,001) exam scores in the sample group (40.1 ± 14.2 [95%CI 37.45-42.73]) comparing to the population group (34.5 ± 14.0 [95%CI 33.75-35.43]). The limited time of anatomy study and preliminary unawareness of human anatomy made the teacher-centered deductive approach in PE more effective.

KEYWORDS
Anatomy Study, Deductive, Inductive, Methodology

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Shahin Ahmedov , Figen Yaman Lesinger , Onur Sanivar , Perihan Sanivar , "Teaching Anatomy in Physical Education: Deductive Versus Inductive Methodology," International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 676 - 681, 2021. DOI: 10.13189/saj.2021.090411.

(b). APA Format:
Shahin Ahmedov , Figen Yaman Lesinger , Onur Sanivar , Perihan Sanivar (2021). Teaching Anatomy in Physical Education: Deductive Versus Inductive Methodology. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 9(4), 676 - 681. DOI: 10.13189/saj.2021.090411.