Civil Engineering and Architecture Vol. 9(2), pp. 439 - 452
DOI: 10.13189/cea.2021.090217
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Hidden Orders and Preserving Tools of Heritage Fabric

Khawla K. Kawther 1,*, Ghada Al Slik 2
1 Department of civil Engineering, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
2 University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq


Heritage cities are suffering from many and varied problems that they were unable to meet the current requirements, which made them an unfit environment for contemporary housing, causing a change in its residential functional structure, with the desertion of part of its indigenous population, and threatening the social and historical value of its urban fabric. There is great importance in preserving the urban heritage fabric in general. The research objectives are concerned with the heritage fabric in Al-Shawaka- Al-Karkh / BAGHDAD- IRAQ, in particular. This can be said to be the area of origin before the construction of the round city of Baghdad, and it has preserved its residential function through the ages; this makes it a special area for preservation and rehabilitation of the urban fabric in it. The research problem: The hidden orders and its relations to the preservation of architectural and urban. The research hypothesis: Each urban fabric has its own Orders. There are apparent Orders at the level of the urban fabric, at the same time, there are hidden Orders. It is necessary to study the hidden Orders of the heritage urban fabric, and understand them, which leads to find new tools in the way it is preserved, rehabilitated, and linked to the contemporary fabric .The research also deals with the difference between architectural preservation and urban preservation at the fabric level. When moving between alleys of Al- Shawaka, there is a neglected legacy on the large and small levels, the researchers analyzed these alleys to find hidden order. The methodology: studying the specificities of heritage urban fabric context historically and morphologically. The research aims to find Hidden Orders as well as the phenomenon Orders in the region and it aims to arrive at general indicators to preserve and rehabilitate them.

Hidden Order, Preserving, Heritage Fabric, Alley, Al-Shawaka, Al-Karkh, Baghdad

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Khawla K. Kawther , Ghada Al Slik , "Hidden Orders and Preserving Tools of Heritage Fabric," Civil Engineering and Architecture, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 439 - 452, 2021. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2021.090217.

(b). APA Format:
Khawla K. Kawther , Ghada Al Slik (2021). Hidden Orders and Preserving Tools of Heritage Fabric. Civil Engineering and Architecture, 9(2), 439 - 452. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2021.090217.