International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences Vol. 9(2), pp. 163 - 170
DOI: 10.13189/saj.2021.090201
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Synchronized Breathing with Pelvic Floor Contractions Increase the Lower Limb Power in Young Football Players


Vijayamurugan Eswaramoorthi 1, Mohamad Razali Abdullah 2,*, Naresh Bhaskar Raj 1, Rabiu Muazu Musa 3, Ahmad Bisyri Husin Musawi Maliki 2
1 Faculty of Health Science, School of Rehabilitation Science, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Gong Badak Campus, Kuala Nerus, Malaysia
2 Faculty of Applied Social Science, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Gong Badak campus, Kuala Nerus, Malaysia
3 Centre for Fundamental and Continuing Education, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Nerus, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to find out the most significant exercise training in improving lower limb power in young male football players. Sixty non-smoking young male football players with the mean age of 14.18 (0.79) years, were randomly allotted to four groups (Group A, B, C, D) of 15 players in each group. Lower limb power was assessed at baseline by vertical jump test. The Group A athletes were instructed to perform diaphragmatic breathing exercise with conventional sports training. Group B athletes instructed to do pelvic floor muscle exercise with conventional sports training. Group C athletes advised to do synchronized diaphragmatic breathing with pelvic floor contraction with conventional sports training and Group D (Control group) players received conventional sports training alone. The training regimen was scheduled for 15-minute length 5 times per week for 8 weeks, along with their 60-minute conventional sports training. Mid and post intervention assessment were carried out at the fourth week and the eighth week with similar baseline assessment regimen. The repeated measures of ANOVA exposed that, noticeable development in lower limb power was obvious amongst all of intervention groups, however post hoc analyses implicated that synchronized diaphragmatic breathing with pelvic floor contraction was advantageous in enhancing lower limb power than the pelvic floor exercise, diaphragmatic breathing exercise and conventional sports training (P<.05). Hence, synchronized diaphragmatic breathing with pelvic floor contraction training should be considered as a part of sports training to improve lower limb power.

KEYWORDS
Lower limb Power, Football, Pelvic Floor Exercise, Diaphragmatic Breathing Exercise

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Vijayamurugan Eswaramoorthi , Mohamad Razali Abdullah , Naresh Bhaskar Raj , Rabiu Muazu Musa , Ahmad Bisyri Husin Musawi Maliki , "Synchronized Breathing with Pelvic Floor Contractions Increase the Lower Limb Power in Young Football Players," International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 163 - 170, 2021. DOI: 10.13189/saj.2021.090201.

(b). APA Format:
Vijayamurugan Eswaramoorthi , Mohamad Razali Abdullah , Naresh Bhaskar Raj , Rabiu Muazu Musa , Ahmad Bisyri Husin Musawi Maliki (2021). Synchronized Breathing with Pelvic Floor Contractions Increase the Lower Limb Power in Young Football Players. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 9(2), 163 - 170. DOI: 10.13189/saj.2021.090201.