Environment and Ecology Research Vol. 9(1), pp. 1 - 29
DOI: 10.13189/eer.2021.090101
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Inclusiveness in Street Network of City Centre – Case Studies: 15-Khordad, Berlan and Sepah-Salar Pedestrian-based Axes in Central Tehran


Sanaz Shobeiri *
School of Natural and Built Environment, Queen's University Belfast, United Kingdom

ABSTRACT

Today, one of the most growing discourses in design and planning City Centres worldwide is inclusiveness. Identification of major and minor groups of users thus forms a primary step to achieve an inclusive City Centre. To this end, this paper investigates Central Tehran and its network of street with a focus on three "shopping–recreational–pedestrian"-based paths called 15-Khordad Street, Berlan Alley and Sepah-Salar Street. The reason for this selection is their ongoing revived or remaining presence of pedestrians despite the prevailing vehicle domination in Tehran's City Centre. In this research, scale (mental and spatial), age and gender, and speed (accessibility and mobility) have been considered to individually and collectively study the concept of inclusiveness in the three case studies. Accordingly, this comparative study depicts how divergently and similarly, the streets of Central Tehran can fully respond to the expectations of various age-gender groups of Tehranians. The applied methodology incorporates the literature review, direct appraisal, photography, and dot-based analysis. For this qualitative-quantitative study, direct observation has been carried out in three consecutive week days in September 2019 from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. to cover all potential effects of time on presence of users. Despite the short lengths of 15-Khordad (2.8 km), Berlan (1.2 km), and Sepah-Salar (0.5 km), these paths can significantly contribute to revitalisation of the physical, mental and spiritual connectivity of Tehranians with their City Centre. As a result, this paper aims to elucidate the potentials and problems to realise this reconciliation in an all-embracing sense.

KEYWORDS
Inclusiveness, City Centre, Age, Gender, Pedestrian, Tehran, Street

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Sanaz Shobeiri , "Inclusiveness in Street Network of City Centre – Case Studies: 15-Khordad, Berlan and Sepah-Salar Pedestrian-based Axes in Central Tehran," Environment and Ecology Research, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 1 - 29, 2021. DOI: 10.13189/eer.2021.090101.

(b). APA Format:
Sanaz Shobeiri (2021). Inclusiveness in Street Network of City Centre – Case Studies: 15-Khordad, Berlan and Sepah-Salar Pedestrian-based Axes in Central Tehran. Environment and Ecology Research, 9(1), 1 - 29. DOI: 10.13189/eer.2021.090101.