International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences Vol. 8(6), pp. 518 - 524
DOI: 10.13189/saj.2020.080626
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The Difficult Items in the TGMD-2 and BOT-2 for Taiwanese Preschoolers


Shu-Chu Yang 1, Shu-Jung Lin 2,*, Hsin-Ying Chang 1, I-Tso Chien 1
1 Department of Early Childhood Education, National Chiayi University, Taiwan
2 Department of Early Childhood Education, Nanhua University, Taiwan

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of this research was to determine which items in the Test of Gross Motor Development, Second Edition(TGMD-2) and Bruiniks-Oseretsky test of motor proficiency, with which Second Edition (BOT-2) preschoolers have difficulty. The methodology consisted of qualitative research. We used two motor skill testing and observation children's motor skill. The participants were 40 preschoolers, 20 participants were 48 months through 59 months of age, and the other 20 participants were 60 months through 78 months of age, all of whom completed both of these standardized tests. The findings were as follows: For TGMD-2, in galloping, the 1st group participants lacked a coordinated stride. Over 85 percent of all children were unable to transfer body weight to the front foot. Around 70 percent of the 1st group were unable to push a ball with their fingertips, and 65 percent of the 1st group were unable to maintain control of a ball for four consecutive bounces without having to move their feet to retrieve it. For BOT-2, all children had difficulty copying a five-pointed star and dribbling a ball with alternating hands. Around 95 percent of the 1st group participants were unable to do the knee push-ups, and 42 percent of them were unable to do sit-ups. It is recommended that preschool teachers should design low structured ball activities, which kids enjoy playing due to the lack of formal instruction. Moreover, instructions and demonstrations should be given in a lively manner, so as to make the activity more appealing. Finally, in light of the difficulties, Taiwanese preschoolers have with several of the items (dribbling, dribbling with alternate hands, etc.), we recommend that the scoring criteria be minorly adjusted based on the results of same test administered in various countries.

KEYWORDS
Difficult Items, TGMD-2, BOT-2

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Shu-Chu Yang , Shu-Jung Lin , Hsin-Ying Chang , I-Tso Chien , "The Difficult Items in the TGMD-2 and BOT-2 for Taiwanese Preschoolers," International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 6, pp. 518 - 524, 2020. DOI: 10.13189/saj.2020.080626.

(b). APA Format:
Shu-Chu Yang , Shu-Jung Lin , Hsin-Ying Chang , I-Tso Chien (2020). The Difficult Items in the TGMD-2 and BOT-2 for Taiwanese Preschoolers. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 8(6), 518 - 524. DOI: 10.13189/saj.2020.080626.