Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 8(2), pp. 662 - 671
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2020.080239
Reprint (PDF) (422Kb)


The Integration of Ethnopedagogy in Science Learning to Improve Student Engagement and Cultural Awareness


Yuli Rahmawati 1,*, Achmad Ridwan 1, Ucu Cahyana 1, Tyaswati Wuryaningsih 2
1 Department of Chemistry Education, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
2 SMPN 4 Bolo, Indonesia

ABSTRACT

This paper presents a study in applying ethnopedagogy by combining cultural learning and science education to assess the effect on student engagement and their cultural identity. This study stimulates students to care for their own ethnic identity, history and culture under modern era of social instability. The cultural identity itself can construct personal identity like the self concept and self esteem [51]. It is particularly essential for multicultural population of Indonesia with 633 ethnic groups. Ethnopedagogy approach has the function of supporting and protecting national values. The study involved 25 grade 7 junior high school students in Bima undertaking a project to create a model of the solar system. The study integrated indigenous knowledge and cultural practices related to the solar eclipse from the Bugis, Tidore, Yogyakarta, Solo, and Bima regions of Indonesia. A qualitative research method was applied to gather data using reflective journals, interviews, worksheets and a science test. The results show that integrating ethnopedagogy in science learning engages students in learning about their culture and develops problem-solving skills, while also improving information, communication, and technology (ICT) skills. An understanding of a scientific concept was developed through the learning experience, and the students developed their skills in communication and collaboration through completing the project in groups. Students faced the challenge of shifting their identity from passive to active learners and found the process to be a meaningful and enjoyable learning experience.

KEYWORDS
Ethnopedogogy, Science Learning, Scientific Phenomenon, Solar System Model Project, Student Engagement, Cultural Awareness

Cite this paper
Yuli Rahmawati , Achmad Ridwan , Ucu Cahyana , Tyaswati Wuryaningsih . "The Integration of Ethnopedagogy in Science Learning to Improve Student Engagement and Cultural Awareness." Universal Journal of Educational Research 8.2 (2020) 662 - 671. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2020.080239.