Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 8(2), pp. 454 - 459
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2020.080216
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Dependency on Verbal Versus Graphic Representations among Second Language Learners When Reading Illustrated Expository Materials


Nurjanah Mohd Jaafar 1,*, Siew Ming Thang 2
1 Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia
2 ELM Graduate School, HELP University, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

The use of graphic representations is ubiquitous and essential in science-related domains. Research into learners’ reading of materials that incorporate verbal and graphic representations (i.e. multi-representational materials) however suggests that graphics receive very little attention compared to text. Such a tendency is not ideal as comprehension of multi-representational materials requires learners to attend to the graphics and integrate information contained in these representations with those in the text. This field of research, however, has focused primarily on native language learners. Since the number of people learning in their non-native language is growing rapidly, it is crucial to understand how they engage and learn with these materials. The present paper is part of a larger study that focuses on the multi-representational reading of 42 Malay ESL undergraduates. Their eye fixations during the reading of a science passage and an accompanying diagram were collected and analyzed. To our knowledge, no such study has been undertaken in the Malaysian context. Hence, the findings will be significant contributions to this field. The results indicate that similar to the reading of multi-representational texts by native speakers in other contexts, the multi-representational reading by the Malay ESL undergraduates was also heavily text-based.

KEYWORDS
External Representations, Multiple Representations, Text and Pictures, Second Language, Eye Tracking

Cite this paper
Nurjanah Mohd Jaafar , Siew Ming Thang . "Dependency on Verbal Versus Graphic Representations among Second Language Learners When Reading Illustrated Expository Materials." Universal Journal of Educational Research 8.2 (2020) 454 - 459. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2020.080216.