Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Vol. 6(5A), pp. 139 - 144
DOI: 10.13189/ujeee.2019.061516
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Dispatch Strategy for Grid-connected Micro-wind Turbine Generators with Battery: Case Study in Malaysia


S M Suboh 1,2,*, N H Baharudin 1,3, O A Basheer 1
1 School of Electrical Systems Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia
2 School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Queensland, Australia
3 Centre of Excellence for Renewable Energy (CERE), School of Electrical Systems Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

In recent years, Malaysian government has been searching for an opportunity to realize the first wind farm in Malaysia to achieve 20% penetration of renewable energy by 2025. Even though Malaysia experiences low average wind speed, but rapid advancement of micro-wind turbine technology promises a potential enhancement of wind harvesting in Malaysia in the near future. Concerning of high wind penetration to the grid, severe technical problems because of its fluctuating and intermittent nature will affect the power system stability. In view of that, this paper proposes a dispatch strategy for a wind farm comprising micro-wind turbine generators supported by a battery to minimize the fluctuation where for a monthly interval, a different value of reference power is followed. In parallel, the lower and upper constraints of battery state-of-charge must be satisfied. The proposed strategy is validated using the real wind data measured at Mersing, Malaysia. The results reveal that the proposed strategy successfully reduces the fluctuation and achieves the reference power for most of the intervals while ensuring the battery operates within a safe operating region. Using the simulation results, the payback period is estimated, which exposes that this project as an example, requires about 20 years of period to reimburse the capital expenditure.

KEYWORDS
Dispatch Strategy, Micro-wind Turbine Generator, Battery, State-of-charge, Payback Period

Cite this paper
S M Suboh , N H Baharudin , O A Basheer . "Dispatch Strategy for Grid-connected Micro-wind Turbine Generators with Battery: Case Study in Malaysia." Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering 6.5A (2019) 139 - 144. doi: 10.13189/ujeee.2019.061516.