Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Vol. 6(5A), pp. 1 - 7
DOI: 10.13189/ujeee.2019.061501
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Improved Clustering Protocol to Balanced Energy Consumption in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Network


Santosh Vishnu Purkar *, Rajkumar S. Deshpande
Department of Electronics and Telecommunication, Savitribai Phule Pune University, India

ABSTRACT

Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) Scheme is a cost-effective approach to monitor the event remotely. However, the activity of WSN is totally dependent on the energy resource available with each and every node of the network. Thus to prolong the activity period of WSN, it is necessary to utilize the available energy systematically. This aim is well satisfied by the design of hierarchical clustering protocol. This article highlights the mechanism to balance the energy consumption (load balancing) inside WSN. Proposed protocol design follows energy aware heterogeneous network model and modified scheme of cluster head (CH) selection. Secondly, maintain the record for nodes utilized in the role of CH and its capability. Proposed approach explores energy utilization by rotating CH selection, and reduces the internal overheads in network management. Through this approach, we are able to improve the energy efficiency of WSN by clustering multilevel nodes. In this design, CH is selected based on node energy and relative distance attributes. Proposed protocol is simulated and validated with reference to energy based performance parameters. It’s been noted that proposed implementation outperforms the existing protocols in terms of stability period, residual energy, and lifetime of the network.

KEYWORDS
HWSN, Propagation, Node Index, Multi-hop

Cite this paper
Santosh Vishnu Purkar , Rajkumar S. Deshpande . "Improved Clustering Protocol to Balanced Energy Consumption in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Network." Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering 6.5A (2019) 1 - 7. doi: 10.13189/ujeee.2019.061501.