Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 7(12A), pp. 1 - 9
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2019.071901
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Exploring the Digital Divide between Pre-clinical Teachers and Students in an Integrated Medical Curriculum from a Malaysian Private University

Jaiprakash Mohanraj 1,*, Kee Ooi Yuen 2, Primeena Eshvary 2, Arushi Sangwan 2, Anas Thasya 2, Nur Syahirah Sahlan 2, Nur Ashikin, Hasveen Kaur 2
1 Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, MAHSA University, Malaysia
2 Faculty of Medicine, MAHSA University, Malaysia


Background: The effectiveness of the integration of technology within the classroom setting has been well documented, however the use of this technology is still far from reaching its true potential. Although the presence of digital divides between teacher and staff documents, the extent and nature of the divide is not well defined. This could have limited the potential exploitation of technology in teaching and learning, especially in a medical school with an integrated curriculum. Our study intended to identify the student's and teachers' perceptions of benefits of using technology in teaching and learning in a medical school and also investigate the nature of the gap that is present between teachers and students. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted through a census during which we had 212 pre-clinical medical students and 30 lecturers engaged in the teaching of these students in an integrated curriculum. A pre-validated self-administrative questionnaire survey was conducted for Usage of ICT in learning and Perception of the Use of E-education Tools and Implementation of E-courses. The significance of the association between teachers and students was tested using Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: Over 3 hours in a day was spent by teachers and students on desktop and smartphone for TLA, indicating that students are mobile learners engaging in learning activities in their time and place of choice. 60-65% of students preferred using YouTube for their leaning activates, and around 50% of the teacher used this platform in teaching and related activities. Usages of journals as found to be high among teachers (55%) while the use of other popular learning applications. This study also showed that both teachers and students strongly agreed that they enjoy using technology, indicating the acceptance and willingness to explore its potential. Conclusion: The study shows the use of ICT is prevalent between both medical teachers and staff; the difference was only in the degree of usage and also both the groups enjoyed the use of technology. It was also clear that both medical teachers and students viewed the use of ICT to be integral in delivering the curricula.

Information Communication Technology, Digital Divide, Teaching Learning Activity, E-learning

Cite this paper
Jaiprakash Mohanraj , Kee Ooi Yuen , Primeena Eshvary , Arushi Sangwan , Anas Thasya , Nur Syahirah Sahlan , Nur Ashikin, Hasveen Kaur . "Exploring the Digital Divide between Pre-clinical Teachers and Students in an Integrated Medical Curriculum from a Malaysian Private University." Universal Journal of Educational Research 7.12A (2019) 1 - 9. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2019.071901.