Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 7(10A), pp. 54 - 59
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2019.071710
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Relationship between the Chinese Language Classroom Environment and Students' Motivation to Learn Mandarin in Malaysia


P. K. Veloo 1,*, Wang Yang 1, Gurnam Kaur 1, Parmjit Singh 2
1 Faculty of Education, SEGi University, Malaysia
2 Faculty of Education, MARA University of Technology, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

Associations between the nature of Mandarin Classroom Environments and Malaysian Chinese Independent High school students' motivation to learn Mandarin was investigated using a perceptual measure approach. A sample of 460 grade 8 students from 4 Independent Chinese High schools were involved in the study. The Mandarin Classroom Environment Inventory (CLCEI) (Chua, 2004) was used to investigate teachers' and students' perceptions towards their Mandarin classroom learning environments in six dimensions, namely 'Student Cohesiveness', 'Teacher Support', 'Involvement', 'Cooperation', 'Task Orientation' and 'Equity'. Students' motivation to learn Mandarin was examined using the Chinese Language Motivation Scale (CLMOTS) (Soh, 1993). Two statistical procedures, simple correlational analysis and multiple regression analysis, were used to examine the relationships between students' motivation to learn Mandarin and the nature of their Mandarin classroom learning environments. The results show that students' motivation to learn Mandarin was positively correlated with all the six learning environment dimensions. Multiple regression analysis show that students' motivation to learn Mandarin was associated with three dimensions of the learning environments, 'Teacher Support', 'Task Orientation', and Equity. Task Orientation had the most significant association with students' motivation to learn Mandarin.

KEYWORDS
Classroom Learning Environment, Motivation, Chinese Language, Task Orientation

Cite this paper
P. K. Veloo , Wang Yang , Gurnam Kaur , Parmjit Singh . "Relationship between the Chinese Language Classroom Environment and Students' Motivation to Learn Mandarin in Malaysia." Universal Journal of Educational Research 7.10A (2019) 54 - 59. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2019.071710.