Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 7(10), pp. 2187 - 2198
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2019.071017
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Development of a Social Acceptance Scale for Inclusive Education


Rabia Ünal *, Selma Yel
Faculty of Education, Gazi University, Turkey

ABSTRACT

In this research, the development stages of the "Social Acceptance Scale for Inclusive Education" developed to measure the social acceptance levels of inclusive students were presented in detail. The research was conducted in 4 primary and 2 secondary schools located in Kayseri city center. A total of 488 students receiving education in 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th grades participated in the study. During the development phase of the test form, 48 students in 2 classes in an elementary school were asked 3 open-ended questions about inclusive education and asked to explain their feelings and thoughts. At the same time, the opinions of 5 teachers in these schools were also evaluated. A scale consisting of 56 items was prepared, and the number of items in the scale was reduced to 44 as a result of the expert opinions in the field. Students, who needed special education in their classrooms, who were affected by migration and terrorism, and who were under temporary protection, were reached by using criterion sampling method in the selection of sample. In order to provide evidence for the validity of the scale, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were applied to the measuring instrument within the scope of structural validity. The statistical calculations of the obtained data were performed in SPSS-21 and Lisrel 8.80 software. As a result of factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient of the scale consisting of a single factor and 30 items was found as 0.94. As a result of the findings, it was determined that the scale measured the social acceptance level of the inclusive students in a valid and reliable way.

KEYWORDS
Inclusive, Inclusive Education, Social Acceptance, Scale

Cite this paper
Rabia Ünal , Selma Yel . "Development of a Social Acceptance Scale for Inclusive Education." Universal Journal of Educational Research 7.10 (2019) 2187 - 2198. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2019.071017.