Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 7(9A), pp. 135 - 146
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2019.071616
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Identifying Instruments to Measure Programme Educational Objectives (PEO) Achievement in Malaysia

Nadia Hairi 1,*, Haryanti Mohd Affandi 2, Nurfaradilla Mohamad Nasri 1
1 Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia
2 Centre of Engineering and Built Environment Education Research (PeKA), Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia


Outcome Based Education (OBE) is required to be implemented in all academic programmes in Malaysia in order to fulfil the standards specified by the Malaysian Qualification Agency (MQA). One part of the OBE that needs to be measured is Programme Educational Objectives (PEOs). PEOs are broad statements that describe the expected achievement of graduates within three to five years of graduation. All institutions in Malaysia need to measure the PEOs. However, the PEOs of community colleges are not measured yet after five years of programme's implementation. Therefore, this paper systematically reviews the current instruments applied by community colleges in Malaysia to evaluate the programmes and identify the problems in the instruments. This survey study adopted triangulation approach where the data were collected from semi-structured interviews and document analysis. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five officials from different divisions in the Department of Polytechnic and Community Colleges Education (JPPKK). These samples were purposively selected because their scope of the task was directly involved with the process of development and evaluation of the programme outcomes. Analysis of PEOs was also conducted to compare the PEOs of community college with eight local universities which are UKM, USM, UPM, UTM, UTHM, UTeM, UniMAP and UiTM. The analysis is based on PEOs of engineering or technology program from each institution. The results of this study identified four problems from the community college’s instruments which are: (1) no specific measurement of PEOs, (2) unsuitable timeframe of data collection, (3) respondents’ feedback is distracted by too many questions, and (4) lack of stakeholders’ point of view. These results indicate that community colleges need the right instrument to measure the achievement of PEOs. Therefore, further research is suggested to study the instrument to measure the achievement of community college’s PEOs.

Programme Educational Objectives, Community College, Instrument

Cite this paper
Nadia Hairi , Haryanti Mohd Affandi , Nurfaradilla Mohamad Nasri . "Identifying Instruments to Measure Programme Educational Objectives (PEO) Achievement in Malaysia." Universal Journal of Educational Research 7.9A (2019) 135 - 146. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2019.071616.